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The paper analyses the scientific research production of more than a thousand faculty members of Louis Pasteur University, large and well ranked in Europe. We take account of individual and collective determinants to explain individual productivity in terms of intensity and quality. We find that individual variables related to the position occupied are… (More)
This article provides an empirical study of the determinants of academic patenting. The data concern more than nine hundred scholars at Université Louis Pasteur in Strasbourg. Our main results show that academic incentives and career issues do not stimulate patenting. Research organization plays a major role for patent production. We find positive effects… (More)
Science–industry collaborations have been the subject of a considerable attention in the last few years. The paper argues that, however, the existing studies are still restricted to a partial view of the phenomenon. In this respect, our study departs from the specialised literature by taking into consideration, for a given set of heterogeneous… (More)
In this paper, we present a model of ‘collective innovation’ built upon the network formation formalism. In our model, agents localized on a circle benefit from knowledge flows from other agents with whom they are directly or indirectly connected. They support costs for direct connections which are linearly increasing with geographic distance. The dynamic… (More)
BACKGROUND Fel d 1 is the major cat allergen, inducing asthma in sensitized individuals. It is produced by the skin and lies on fur. Recently, it was established that the amount of Fel d 1 on fur varies among anatomical sites. However, it is not known whether the allergen production by skin varies in parallel. The objective was to compare the Fel d 1… (More)
This paper proposes a bayesian methodology to treat the who’s who problem arising in individual level data sets such as patent data. We assess the usefullness of this methodology on the set of all French inventors appearing on EPO applications from 1978 to 2003.
In this paper we present an original model of sequential problem choice within scientific communities. Disciplinary knowledge is accumulated in the form of a growing tree-like web of research areas. Knowledge production is sequential since the problems addressed generate new problems that may in turn be handled. This model allows us to study how the reward… (More)
This paper proposes a theory for establishing dominance relations between universities on the basis of their scientific production and the number of citations their publications received in given time window. We apply this theory to the ranking of French Universities.
This text discusses the approach adopted in a European research project concerning the relationships between science and industry. The analysis uses the notion of actors as vectors for the creation and diffusion of competences and knowledge throughout the innovation process. From this perspective, the article presents some results on the strategic behaviour… (More)