Nicolas Brandes

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The precise roles that oxidants play in lifespan and aging are still unknown. Here, we report the discovery that chronologically aging yeast cells undergo a sudden redox collapse, which affects over 80% of identified thiol-containing proteins. We present evidence that this redox collapse is not triggered by an increase in endogenous oxidants as would have(More)
To understand and eventually predict the effects of changing redox conditions and oxidant levels on the physiology of an organism, it is essential to gain knowledge about its redoxome: the proteins whose activities are controlled by the oxidation status of their cysteine thiols. Here, we applied the quantitative redox proteomic method OxICAT to(More)
Drug efflux pumps of Gram-negative bacteria are tripartite export machineries located in the bacterial envelopes contributing to multidrug resistance. Protein structures of all three components have been determined, but the exact interaction sites are still unknown. We could confirm that the hybrid system composed of Pseudomonas aeruginosa channel tunnel(More)
Reactive nitrogen species (RNS) function as powerful antimicrobials in host defence, but so far little is known about their bacterial targets. In this study, we set out to identify Escherichia coli proteins with RNS-sensitive cysteines. We found that only a very select set of proteins contain cysteines that undergo reversible thiol modifications upon nitric(More)
For many years, oxidative thiol modifications in cytosolic proteins were largely disregarded as in vitro artifacts, and considered unlikely to play significant roles within the reducing environment of the cell. Recent developments in in vivo thiol trapping technology combined with mass spectrometric analysis have now provided convincing evidence that(More)
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