Nicolas Boissel

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Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous group of neoplastic disorders with great variability in clinical course and response to therapy, as well as in the genetic and molecular basis of the pathology. Major advances in the understanding of leukemogenesis have been made by the characterization and the study of acquired cytogenetic abnormalities,(More)
In core binding factors (CBF) acute myeloid leukemia (AML), the disruption of CBFα/β genes impairs normal hematopoietic differentiation and is supposed to cooperate with additional mutations promoting proliferation. The incidence and the prognosis of receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) c-Kit and FLT3 mutations and Ras mutations were evaluated in 103 pediatric(More)
Recently, DNA methyltransferase 3A (DNMT3A) mutations have been identified in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), the highest frequency being found within cytogenetically normal (CN) AML. In this study, diagnostic samples from 123 adults younger than 60 years with primary CN-AML homogeneously treated in the Acute Leukemia French Association-9801 and -9802 trials(More)
PURPOSE Recently, whole-genome sequencing in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) identified recurrent isocitrate dehydrogenase enzyme isoform (IDH1) mutations (IDH1m), previously reported to be involved in gliomas as well as IDH2 mutations (IDH2m). The prognosis of both IDH1m and IDH2m in AML remains unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS The prevalence and the(More)
PURPOSE To compare pediatric and adult therapeutic practices in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in adolescents. PATIENTS AND METHODS From June 1993 to September 1994, 77 and 100 adolescents (15 to 20 years of age) were enrolled in the pediatric FRALLE-93 and adult LALA-94 protocols, respectively. Among the different prognostic factors,(More)
Mutation of the nucleophosmin (NPM) gene has been reported as the most frequent mutation in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), especially in the presence of a normal karyotype. In this subgroup of intermediate-risk AML, the identification of other gene mutations (eg, FLT3, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-alpha [CEBPA]) has helped to refine the prognosis. This(More)
MHC class I chain-related molecules (MIC) participate in immune surveillance of cancer through engagement of the NKG2D-activating receptor on NK and T cells. Decreased NKG2D expression and function upon chronic exposure to NKG2D ligands and/or soluble forms of MIC (sMIC) may participate in immune escape. In chronic myeloid leukemia, a malignancy caused by(More)
The transcription factor C/EBPalpha is crucial for differentiation of mature granulocytes. Recently, different CEBPA gene mutations likely to induce differentiation arrest have been described in nearly 10% of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In the present study, we retrospectively analyzed the prognostic significance of CEBPA mutations in 135(More)
BACKGROUND Wilms tumor 1 (WT1) is a transcription factor that is overexpressed in most acute myeloid leukemias (AMLs). Recently, 2 groups reported that WT1 mutations occur in approximately 10% of normal karyotype AMLs and are an independent predictor of poor outcome in this subgroup of patients with AML. METHODS The authors studied a cohort of 268 young(More)
The familial platelet disorder with predisposition to acute myeloid leukemia (FPD/AML) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by germline RUNX1 alterations. Missense, nonsense and frameshift mutations as well as intragenic duplications and large deletions of RUNX1 (21q22) have been reported in less than 45 pedigrees. Transformation to acute(More)