Nicolas Bigot

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ING genes (ING1-5) were identified has tumor suppressor genes. ING proteins are characterized as Type II TSGs since they are involved in the control of cell proliferation, apoptosis and senescence. They may also function as Type I TSGs since they are also involved in DNA replication and repair. Most studies have reported that they are frequently lost in(More)
A significant association between a polymorphism in the D repeat of the gene encoding asporin and osteoarthritis, the most frequent of articular diseases, has been recently reported. The goal of the present study was to investigate the expression of this new class I small leucine-rich proteoglycan (SLRP) in human articular chondrocytes. First, we studied(More)
Hypoxic niches help maintain mesenchymal stromal cell properties, and their amplification under hypoxia sustains their immature state. However, how MSCs maintain their genomic integrity in this context remains elusive, since hypoxia may prevent proper DNA repair by downregulating expression of BRCA1 and RAD51. Here, we find that the ING1b tumor suppressor(More)
Type II collagen is a marker of articular cartilage encoded by the COL2A1 gene. The nature of the trans factors involved in the upregulation of this gene by insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) remains unclear. We found that IGF-I increased type II collagen synthesis by a transcriptional control mechanism involving a 715-bp region within the COL2A1(More)
The aging process, especially of the skin, is governed by changes in the epidermal, dermo-epidermal, and dermal compartments. Type I collagen, which is the major component of dermis extracellular matrix (ECM), constitutes a prime target for intrinsic and extrinsic aging-related alterations. In addition, under the aging process, pro-inflammatory signals are(More)
Transcriptional mechanisms regulating type I collagen genes expression in physiopathological situations are not completely known. In this study, we have investigated the role of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) transcription factor on type I collagen expression in adult normal human (ANF) and scleroderma (SF) fibroblasts. We demonstrated that NF-κB, a master(More)
The existence of a link between estrogen deprivation and osteoarthritis (OA) in postmenopausal women suggests that 17β-estradiol (17β-E2) may be a modulator of cartilage homeostasis. Here, we demonstrate that 17β-E2 stimulates, via its receptor human estrogen receptor α 66 (hERα66), type II collagen expression in differentiated and dedifferentiated(More)
Mollusc shells are composed of more than 95% calcium carbonate and less than 5% of an organic matrix consisting mostly of proteins, glycoproteins and polysaccharides. Previous studies have elucidated the biological activities of the shell matrices from bivalve molluscs on skin, especially on the expression of the extracellular matrix components of(More)
The INhibitor of Growth (ING) proteins are encoded as multiple isoforms in five ING genes (ING1 -5) and act as type II tumor suppressors. They are growth inhibitory when overexpressed and are frequently mislocalized or downregulated in several forms of cancer. ING1 and ING2 are stoichiometric members of histone deacetylase complexes, whereas ING3-5 are(More)
Long-term cultures under hypoxic conditions have been demonstrated to maintain the phenotype of mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) and to prevent the emergence of senescence. According to several studies, hypoxia has frequently been reported to drive genomic instability in cancer cells and in MSCs by hindering the DNA damage response and DNA repair.(More)