Nicolas Arlicot

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There is growing evidence of activated microglia and inflammatory processes in the cerebral cortex in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Activated microglia is characterized by increased expression of the 18 kDa translocator protein (TSPO) in the brain and may be a useful biomarker of inflammation. In this study, we evaluated neuroinflammation in ALS(More)
  • C Hommet, K Mondon, +10 authors S Chalon
  • Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders
  • 2014
BACKGROUND/AIMS Neuroinflammation plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Its relationship with underlying β amyloid deposition remains unclear. In vivo visualization of microglial activation has become possible with the development of molecular imaging ligands when used with positron emission tomography (PET). The translocator(More)
The translocator protein (TSPO; 18 kDa), the new name of the peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor, is localised in mitochondria of glial cells and expressed in very low concentrations in normal brain. Their expression rises after microglial activation following brain injury. Accordingly, TSPO are potential targets to evaluate neuroinflammatory changes in(More)
Neuroinflammation is involved in stroke pathophysiology and might be imaged using radioligands targeting the 18 kDa translocator protein (TSPO). We studied microglial reaction in brain areas remote from the primary lesion site in two rodent models of focal cerebral ischaemia (permanent or transient) using [125I]-CLINDE, a promising TSPO single photon(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral stroke is a severe and frequent condition that requires rapid and reliable diagnosis. If administered shortly after the first symptoms manifest themselves, IV thrombolysis has been shown to increase the functional prognosis by restoring brain reperfusion. However, a better understanding of the pathophysiology of stroke should help to(More)
Unipolar depression is one of the leading causes of disability. The pathophysiology of depression is poorly understood. Evidence suggests that inflammation is associated with depression. For instance, pro-inflammatory cytokines are found to be elevated in the peripheral blood of depressed subjects. Cytokine immunotherapy itself is known to induce depressive(More)
INTRODUCTION The translocator protein 18 kDa (TSPO), although minimally expressed in healthy brain, is up-regulated in pathological conditions, coinciding with microglial activation. It is thereby a suitable in vivo biomarker of neuroinflammation for detection, evaluation and therapeutic monitoring of brain diseases. We aimed to estimate the radiation(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) induction is associated with beneficial or deleterious effects depending on the experimental conditions adopted and the neurodegenerative rodent models used. The present study aimed first to evaluate the effects of cerebral HO-1 induction in an in vivo rat model of neuroinflammation by intrastriatal injection of quinolinic acid (QA)(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were (1) to collect data on the stability of antibiotics in portable pumps for the treatment of bronchial superinfection in patients with cystic fibrosis and (2) to provide guidelines for prescribers. METHODS The stability over 72 hours, in portable pumps stored at 35 degrees C, of piperacillin plus tazobactam,(More)
As neuroinflammatory processes are involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD), we achieved the longitudinal evaluation of them in parallel with the modifications of dopaminergic function at several time-points after 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesion in the rat mimicking an early stage of PD. After unilateral intrastriatal 6-OHDA(More)