Nicolaos Christodoulides

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Since recent studies demonstrate that vascular smooth muscle cells synthesize two distinct guanylate cyclase-stimulatory gases, NO and CO, we examined possible regulatory interactions between these two signaling molecules. Treatment of rat aortic smooth muscle cells with the NO donors, sodium nitroprusside, S-nitroso-N-acetyl-penicillamine, or(More)
BACKGROUND For adults with chest pain, the electrocardiogram (ECG) and measures of serum biomarkers are used to screen and diagnose myocardial necrosis. These measurements require time that can delay therapy and affect prognosis. Our objective was to investigate the feasibility and utility of saliva as an alternative diagnostic fluid for identifying(More)
Both nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO) are vessel wall-derived messenger molecules that cause platelet inhibition and vasodilation by activating guanylyl cyclase in target cells. Since vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) are exposed to shear and tensile stresses, this study examined the effects of these hemodynamic forces on the enzymes that(More)
Salivary diagnostics is an emerging field that has progressed through several important developments in the past decade, including the publication of the human salivary proteome and the infusion of federal funds to integrate nanotechnologies and microfluidic engineering concepts into developing compact point-of-care devices for rapid analysis of this(More)
In the last decade, saliva has been advocated as a non-invasive alternative to blood as a diagnostic fluid. However, use of saliva has been hindered by the inadequate sensitivity of current methods to detect the lower salivary concentrations of many constituents compared to serum. Furthermore, developments in the areas related to lab-on-a-chip systems for(More)
BACKGROUND More than 35 million people in developing countries are living with HIV infection. An enormous global effort is now underway to bring antiretroviral treatment to at least 3 million of those infected. While drug prices have dropped considerably, the cost and technical complexity of laboratory tests essential for the management of HIV disease, such(More)
There have been many recent advances in the nano-bio-chip analysis methodology with implications for a number of high-morbidity diseases including HIV, cancer, and heart disease. (To listen to a podcast about this article, please go to the Analytical Chemistry multimedia page at pubs.acs.org/page/ancham/audio/index.html .).
Recent studies indicate that vascular smooth muscle cells generate carbon monoxide (CO) via the action of heme oxygenase (HO). Because adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) is an important intracellular signaling molecule in the regulation of vascular cell function, we examined whether this second messenger modulates the expression of HO and the(More)
The comparative utility of serum and saliva as diagnostic fluids for identifying biomarkers of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was investigated. The goal was to determine if salivary biomarkers could facilitate a screening diagnosis of AMI, especially in cases of non-ST elevation MI (NSTEMI), since these cases are not readily identified by(More)