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Since recent studies demonstrate that vascular smooth muscle cells synthesize two distinct guanylate cyclase-stimulatory gases, NO and CO, we examined possible regulatory interactions between these two signaling molecules. Treatment of rat aortic smooth muscle cells with the NO donors, sodium nitroprusside, S-nitroso-N-acetyl-penicillamine, or(More)
In the last decade, saliva has been advocated as a non-invasive alternative to blood as a diagnostic fluid. However, use of saliva has been hindered by the inadequate sensitivity of current methods to detect the lower salivary concentrations of many constituents compared to serum. Furthermore, developments in the areas related to lab-on-a-chip systems for(More)
Recent studies indicate that vascular smooth muscle cells generate carbon monoxide (CO) via the action of heme oxygenase (HO). Because adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) is an important intracellular signaling molecule in the regulation of vascular cell function, we examined whether this second messenger modulates the expression of HO and the(More)
BACKGROUND Carbon monoxide (CO), like nitric oxide (NO), stimulates soluble guanylyl cyclase and thereby raises intracellular levels of cGMP. We examined the endogenous capacity of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) to produce CO from heme through the activity of heme oxygenases. METHODS AND RESULTS Cultured SMCs from rat aorta (RASMCs) expressed(More)
BACKGROUND More than 35 million people in developing countries are living with HIV infection. An enormous global effort is now underway to bring antiretroviral treatment to at least 3 million of those infected. While drug prices have dropped considerably, the cost and technical complexity of laboratory tests essential for the management of HIV disease, such(More)
Both nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO) are vessel wall-derived messenger molecules that cause platelet inhibition and vasodilation by activating guanylyl cyclase in target cells. Since vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) are exposed to shear and tensile stresses, this study examined the effects of these hemodynamic forces on the enzymes that(More)
Salivary secretions contain a variety of molecules that reflect important pathophysiological activities. Quantitative changes of specific salivary biomarkers could have significance in the diagnosis and management of both oral and systemic diseases. Modern point-of-care technologies with enhanced detection capabilities are needed to implement a significant(More)
Salivary diagnostics is an emerging field that has progressed through several important developments in the past decade, including the publication of the human salivary proteome and the infusion of federal funds to integrate nanotechnologies and microfluidic engineering concepts into developing compact point-of-care devices for rapid analysis of this(More)
BACKGROUND For adults with chest pain, the electrocardiogram (ECG) and measures of serum biomarkers are used to screen and diagnose myocardial necrosis. These measurements require time that can delay therapy and affect prognosis. Our objective was to investigate the feasibility and utility of saliva as an alternative diagnostic fluid for identifying(More)
Advances in lab-on-a-chip systems have strong potential for multiplexed detection of a wide range of analytes with reduced sample and reagent volume; lower costs and shorter analysis times. The completion of high-fidelity multiplexed and multiclass assays remains a challenge for the medical microdevice field; as it struggles to achieve and expand upon at(More)