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Efficacy of ischemic preconditioning is decreased in animal models of type 2 diabetes mellitus while the responses in humans with diabetes are contradictory. It is unknown whether attenuation is(More)
1. L-Glutamate and glutamine have been suggested to have cardioprotective effects. However, the issue is controversial and the metabolic mechanisms underlying a beneficial effect are not well(More)
Remote ischemic pre-conditioning (rIPC) has emerged as a potential mechanism to reduce ischemia-reperfusion injury. Clinical data, however, have been mixed, and its physiological basis remains(More)