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Meckel syndrome (MKS) is a severe fetal developmental disorder reported in most populations. The clinical hallmarks are occipital meningoencephalocele, cystic kidney dysplasia, fibrotic changes of the liver and polydactyly. Here we report the identification of a gene, MKS1, mutated in MKS families linked to 17q. Mks1 expression in mouse embryos, as(More)
BACKGROUND Somatic mutations affecting components of the Ras-MAPK pathway are a common feature of cancer, whereas germline Ras pathway mutations cause developmental disorders including Noonan, Costello, and cardio-facio-cutaneous syndromes. These 'RASopathies' also represent cancer-prone syndromes, but the quantitative cancer risks remain unknown. METHODS(More)
Meiosis is the key process for recombination and reduction of the diploid chromosome set to a haploid one. Many genes that have been found in yeast or mouse models to play a role in meiosis are also important for the repair of DNA damage in somatic cells. To study the DNA repair gene transcriptome during male germ cell development, we have developed a(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a life-threatening, acute pharmacogenetic disorder mostly due to heterozygous mutations in the ryanodin receptor 1 (RYR1) gene. Diagnosis is generally confirmed by the in vitro contracture test (IVCT). In this study the genotype-phenotype correlation was analyzed and the presumed prevalence of MH is discussed. (More)
We describe monozygotic twins discordant for childhood leukemia and secondary thyroid carcinoma. We used bisulfite pyrosequencing to compare the constitutive promoter methylation of BRCA1 and several other tumor suppressor genes in primary fibroblasts. The affected twin displayed an increased BRCA1 methylation (12%), compared with her sister (3%).(More)
Meckel syndrome (MKS) is a lethal malformation syndrome that belongs to the group of disorders that are associated with primary cilia dysfunction. Total of five genes are known to be involved in the molecular background of MKS. Here we have systematically analyzed all these genes in a total of 29 MKS families. Seven of the families were Finnish and the rest(More)
Recently, three reports described deletions and epimutations affecting the imprinted region at chromosome 14q32.2 in individuals with a phenotype typical for maternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 14 [upd(14)mat]. In this study, we describe another patient with upd(14)mat-like phenotype including low birth weight, neonatal feeding problems, muscular(More)
BACKGROUND The etiology of secondary cancer in childhood cancer survivors is largely unclear. Exposure of normal somatic cells to radiation and/or chemotherapy can damage DNA and if not all DNA lesions are properly fixed, the mis-repair may lead to pathological consequences. It is plausible to assume that genetic differences, i.e. in the pathways(More)
New technology enables expansion of newborn screening (NBS) of inborn errors aimed to prevent adverse outcome. In conditions with a large share of asymptomatic phenotypes, the potential harm created by NBS must carefully be weighed against benefit. Policies vary throughout the United States, Australia, and Europe due to limited data on outcome and(More)
We report on 335 patients (319 families) with mild-to-profound nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing loss. We identified 178 mutated GJB2 alleles representing 29 different sequence changes (including 3 novel mutations: Q7P, N14D, H100Q), and 2 alleles with the deletion del(GJB6-D13S1830) of the GJB6 gene. Eleven GJB2 mutations (119 mutated alleles) were(More)