Nicolaas Schaap

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Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the NOD2 gene have significant impact on both treatment-related mortality (TRM) and acute GVHD (aGVHD) in haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The effect of these polymorphisms when using T-cell-depleted grafts has been poorly studied. We retrospectively analysed NOD2 polymorphisms in a cohort of 85(More)
Immunotherapy based on natural killer (NK) cell infusions is a potential adjuvant treatment for many cancers. Such therapeutic application in humans requires large numbers of functional NK cells that have been selected and expanded using clinical grade protocols. We established an extremely efficient cytokine-based culture system for ex vivo expansion of NK(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells have an important function in the anti-tumor response early after stem cell transplantation (SCT). As part of a prospective randomized phase III study, directly comparing the use of CD3(+)/CD19(+)-depleted peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) harvests with CD34(+)-selected PBSC harvests in allogeneic human leukocyte antigen-matched(More)
Tumor relapses remain a serious problem after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT), despite the long-term persistence of minor histocompatibility antigen (MiHA)-specific memory CD8(+) T cells specific for the tumor. We hypothesized that these memory T cells may lose their function over time in transplanted patients. Here, we offer functional and(More)
Analysis of changes in recipient and donor hemopoietic cell origin is extremely useful to monitor the effect of stem cell transplantation (SCT) and sequential adoptive immunotherapy by donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI). We developed a sensitive and accurate method to quantify the percentage of recipient and donor cells by real-time PCR using single(More)
We used a recently developed system for real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to determine residual disease in patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia. The expression of the Bcr-Abl hybrid oncogene was determined and normalized by using the PBGD housekeeping gene product as endogenous reference. The sensitivity and reproducibility of the(More)
BACKGROUND Stem cell transplantation (SCT) is still complicated by the occurrence of fever and inflammatory complications attributed to neutropenia and subsequent infectious complications. The role of mucosal barrier injury (MBI) of the intestinal tract therein has received little attention. METHODS We performed a retrospective analysis in 163 SCT(More)
BACKGROUND Outcome of Philadelphia-positive acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (Ph+ ALL) improved significantly with the introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) has never been considered a standard of care in this setting. The aim of our study was to analyse if results of ASCT improved in the era of TKIs. (More)
Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) can cure hematological malignancies by inducing alloreactive T cell responses targeting minor histocompatibility antigens (MiHA) expressed on malignant cells. Despite induction of robust MiHA-specific T cell responses and long-term persistence of alloreactive memory T cells specific for the tumor, often these(More)
One hundred and eighty-one consecutive patients with standard-risk leukaemia were transplanted with HLA-identical sibling grafts depleted of lymphocytes using counter-flow centrifugation. In 116 patients, standard conditioning was intensified by the addition of anthracyclines. Multivariate analysis revealed significantly more acute GVHD > or = grade 2 and a(More)