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Using red cell phenotyping (RCP) and/or cytogenetics (CYT) we identified 19 patients with persisting mixed chimerism (MC) among 231 patients transplanted with partially T cell-depleted stem cell grafts from HLA-identical siblings. Persisting MC is defined as MC for more than 2 years in patients without any evidence of relapse. Median leukemia-free survival(More)
Analysis of changes in recipient and donor hemopoietic cell origin is extremely useful to monitor the effect of stem cell transplantation (SCT) and sequential adoptive immunotherapy by donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI). We developed a sensitive and accurate method to quantify the percentage of recipient and donor cells by real-time PCR using single(More)
We used a recently developed system for real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to determine residual disease in patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia. The expression of the Bcr-Abl hybrid oncogene was determined and normalized by using the PBGD housekeeping gene product as endogenous reference. The sensitivity and reproducibility of the(More)
Fifteen consecutive patients with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) who relapsed from T-cell-depleted bone marrow transplantation (BMT) were successfully treated with donor leucocyte infusions (DLIs). Chimaerism was analysed using red blood cell phenotyping (RCP), and the results were compared with cytogenetic analysis(More)
Donor leukocyte infusions (DLI) from the original marrow donor have been shown to induce remission in patients with relapse after BMT. We analyzed factors that were associated with remission. Twenty-six patients with a relapse after T cell depleted BMT received DLI. The following pre-DLI factors were analyzed: sex and age of the patients and donors, GVHD(More)
BACKGROUND Outcome of Philadelphia-positive acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (Ph+ ALL) improved significantly with the introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) has never been considered a standard of care in this setting. The aim of our study was to analyse if results of ASCT improved in the era of TKIs. (More)
Patients with chronic myeloid leukemia relapsing after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation may be treated by tyrosine kinase inhibitors and/or by donor lymphocyte infusions. The best strategies and timing of administration of lymphocytes are unclear. We analyzed 155 patients who relapsed after allogeneic stem cell transplantation with disease(More)
One hundred and thirty-one patients were transplanted for AML-CR1, ALL-CR1 or CML-CP1 after conditioning with 120 mg/kg body weight cyclophosphamide and 2 x 4.5 Gy TBI. Conditioning was intensified with the addition of 42 mg/m2 idarubicin. Grafts were T cell-depleted using counterflow centrifugation. Donors were HLA-identical siblings. We compared outcome(More)
BACKGROUND The use of fresh red blood cells (RBCs) is recommended for critically ill patients and patients undergoing surgery, although there is no conclusive evidence that this is beneficial. In this follow-up study, the short-term and the long-term recovery of irradiated, leukoreduced RBCs transfused after either a short storage (SS) or a long storage(More)
Tumor relapses remain a serious problem after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT), despite the long-term persistence of minor histocompatibility antigen (MiHA)-specific memory CD8(+) T cells specific for the tumor. We hypothesized that these memory T cells may lose their function over time in transplanted patients. Here, we offer functional and(More)