Nicolaas Paul L. G. Verhoeff

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Quantitative SPECT measures of dopamine D(2) like receptors with [(123)I]epidepride is complicated by its high affinity and lipophilic metabolites. The purpose of this study was to use both parent (P) and lipophilic metabolites (M) as input functions in a kinetic paradigm and in comparison to the results of equilibrium studies. Kinetic studies on eleven(More)
We used SPECT to examine striatal D2 receptor binding in 20 antipsychotic-free DSM-III-R schizophrenic patients and 20 age- and sex-matched normal controls. Dynamic single-slice SPECT, at a slice chosen to include the basal ganglia, began immediately following intravenous injection of 185 MBq of 123I-IBZM. A semiquantitative approach was used to generate(More)
OBJECTIVE In-vivo imaging of beta-amyloid plaques (Abeta) may improve both early detection of Alzheimer disease (AD) and efficacy assessment of new treatments for AD. The authors' aim was to develop a novel Abeta-specific positron-emission tomography (PET) tracer. METHODS Five female AD patients (54-77 years old) and six healthy female comparison subjects(More)
The effect of catecholamine depletion, achieved by per-oral administration of 5250 mg alpha-methyl-para-tyrosine (AMPT) given in the 29 h prior to [11C]raclopride positron emission tomography (PET) was studied on measures of dopamine (DA) release, mood, and attention. Neostriatal DA levels in vivo were estimated by comparing the neostriatal DA D(2) receptor(More)
According to the dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia, D2 receptor blockade is essential for a drug to have antipsychotic potency, and antipsychotic potency and D2 blockade are linearly related in vitro. To test this assumption in vivo, we have compared clinical response with central D2 dopamine receptor availability measured by 123I-iodobenzamide single(More)
The hypothesis that poor response to antipsychotic medication is due to inadequate occupancy of central D2 receptors was tested in vivo. We assessed striatal D2 dopamine receptor availability for binding with the specific ligand 123I IBZM by single photon emission tomography (SPET) in two groups of DSM-III-R diagnosed schizophrenic patients on typical(More)
Dynamic SPECT was performed in two healthy male volunteers with a single slice brain dedicated camera (Strichman Medical Equipment 810, first study) and a rotating gamma camera (Siemens Dual Rota ZLC37, second study) to obtain information about the optimal imaging time for the dopamine D2 receptor specific ligand(More)
Alzheimer’s disease (AD), considered the commonest neurodegenerative cause of dementia, is associated with hallmark pathologies including extracellular amyloid-β protein (Aβ) deposition in extracellular senile plaques and vessels, and intraneuronal tau deposition as neurofibrillary tangles. Although AD is usually categorized as neurodegeneration distinct(More)
A large body of evidence suggests that abnormal dopaminergic activity is present in Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome (GTS). To investigate whether dopamine dysregulation involving the D2/D3 receptor occurs in GTS, we performed single slice dynamic single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with 123iodo-6-methoxybenzamide (123I-IBZM) in 15 GTS patients(More)
The effect of endogenous dopamine on in vivo measurement of dopamine D(2) receptors in extrastriatal regions (thalamus and temporal cortex) was evaluated with single photon emission computed tomography and the high affinity ligand [123I]epidepride by comparing the binding potential before and after acute dopamine depletion. Dopamine depletion was achieved(More)