Nicolaas P. M. Schaap

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Five patients with adult-onset metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) underwent allo-SCT. Conditioning was reduced in intensity and grafts were obtained from voluntary unrelated donors. All but one graft were depleted of T-lymphocytes. Patient age at transplantation varied from 18 to 29 (median, 27) years. Two patients rejected their graft and MLD progressed.(More)
Immunotherapy based on natural killer (NK) cell infusions is a potential adjuvant treatment for many cancers. Such therapeutic application in humans requires large numbers of functional NK cells that have been selected and expanded using clinical grade protocols. We established an extremely efficient cytokine-based culture system for ex vivo expansion of NK(More)
Natural killer (NK) cell-based adoptive immunotherapy is a promising treatment approach for many cancers. However, development of protocols that provide large numbers of functional NK cells produced under GMP conditions are required to facilitate clinical studies. In this study, we translated our cytokine-based culture protocol for ex vivo expansion of NK(More)
Tumor relapses remain a serious problem after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT), despite the long-term persistence of minor histocompatibility antigen (MiHA)-specific memory CD8(+) T cells specific for the tumor. We hypothesized that these memory T cells may lose their function over time in transplanted patients. Here, we offer functional and(More)
Natural killer (NK) cell-based adoptive immunotherapy is an attractive adjuvant treatment option for patients with acute myeloid leukemia. Recently, we reported a clinical-grade, cytokine-based culture method for the generation of NK cells from umbilical cord blood (UCB) CD34⁺ hematopoietic progenitor cells with high yield, purity and in vitro(More)
BACKGROUND Stem cell transplantation (SCT) is still complicated by the occurrence of fever and inflammatory complications attributed to neutropenia and subsequent infectious complications. The role of mucosal barrier injury (MBI) of the intestinal tract therein has received little attention. METHODS We performed a retrospective analysis in 163 SCT(More)
Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) is a potentially curative treatment for patients with hematologic malignancies. Its therapeutic effect is largely dependent on recognition of minor histocompatibility antigens (MiHA) by donor-derived CD8⁺ T cells. Therefore, monitoring of multiple MiHA-specific CD8⁺ T cell responses may prove to be valuable for(More)
Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) can cure hematological malignancies by inducing alloreactive T cell responses targeting minor histocompatibility antigens (MiHA) expressed on malignant cells. Despite induction of robust MiHA-specific T cell responses and long-term persistence of alloreactive memory T cells specific for the tumor, often these(More)
A 37-year-old male developed massive pleural effusion leading to respiratory failure and electromechanical dissociation within 24 h after the second dose of 4200 mg cyclophosphamide (CY) during conditioning for allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for chronic myelogenous leukemia. After resuscitation and bilateral pleural drainage he recovered within 1(More)
BACKGROUND Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) with 17p abnormalities (abn(17p)) carries a very poor prognosis due to high refractoriness to conventional chemotherapy, and allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) appears as the only potential curative option. METHODS To address outcomes after allo-SCT in patients with abn(17p), we retrospectively(More)