Nicola Tinari

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The anti-inflammatory, antiangiogenic, anticoagulant, and antiadhesive properties of fucoidans obtained from nine species of brown algae were studied in order to examine the influence of fucoidan origin and composition on their biological activities. All fucoidans inhibited leucocyte recruitment in an inflammation model in rats, and neither the content of(More)
Recent evidence has implicated galectins and their ligands as master regulators of immune cell homeostasis. Whereas some members of this family, such as galectin-3, behave as amplifiers of the inflammatory cascade, others, such as galectin-1, trigger homeostatic signals to shut off T-cell effector functions. These carbohydrate-binding proteins, identified(More)
Galectin-3, a member of the beta-galactoside-binding animal lectins, has been implicated in tumor invasion and metastasis. Using an immunoligand assay, we assessed the circulating levels of galectin-3 in sera from cancer patients as well as from healthy controls. Low serum levels of galectin-3 were detected in healthy individuals (median, 62 ng/ml; range,(More)
Galectins and their ligands have been implicated in cell transformation and cancer metastasis, and found to have prognostic value. Mac-2 BP, also known as 90K, is a highly glycosylated, secreted protein extensively studied in human cancer, which binds galectin-1, galectin-3 and galectin-7. High expression levels of 90K are associated with a shorter(More)
Sulfated polysaccharides from Laminaria saccharina (new name: Saccharina latissima) brown seaweed show promising activity for the treatment of inflammation, thrombosis, and cancer; yet the molecular mechanisms underlying these properties remain poorly understood. The aim of this work was to characterize, using in vitro and in vivo strategies, the(More)
Galectin-3 is a carbohydrate-binding protein endowed with affinity for beta-galactosides. It plays a role in cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. Furthermore, it has been hypothesized to be involved in tumor progression and metastasis. To address the role of galectin-3 in the invasive and metastatic processes, we stably overexpressed galectin-3 in human(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical outcome of hepatitis virus infections is though to depend on the complex interplay between the host immune response profile and virus factors. 90K/MAC-2 BP is a novel member of the Scavenger Receptor Cysteine Rich protein superfamily that functions as a molecular alarm signal for the cellular immune system against both cancer cells(More)
The glycoprotein 90K was originally described as a tumor-secreted antigen and subsequently found to have immunostimulatory activity as well as other possible functions. This protein interacts with an endogenous lectin, galectin-3, and may play a role in tumor metastasis through this interaction. Because 90K is heavily glycosylated, it may also interact with(More)
The ErbB receptors, such as ErbB-1 and ErbB-2, have been intensely pursued as targets for cancer therapeutics. Although initially efficacious in a subset of patients, drugs targeting these receptors led invariably to resistance, which is often associated with reactivation of the ErbB-3-PI3K-Akt signaling. This may be overcome by an ErbB-3 ligand that(More)
The use of endocrine agents is a safe and effective treatment in the management of hormone-sensitive breast cancer. Unfortunately, sooner or later, tumor cells develop resistance to endocrine manipulation making useless this approach. During the last decade, new molecules and intracellular signaling pathways involved in endocrine resistance have been(More)