Nicola Seriani

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Lithium ion batteries are nowadays key devices for energy storage, and a great research effort is under way to develop and apply new materials. Recently, new approaches have been proposed that rely on the reversible formation of either Li2O or Li2O2 at the electrodes. The details of their formation and dissolution are, however, still unclear. As a first(More)
The catalytic oxidation activity of platinum particles in automobile catalysts is thought to originate from the presence of highly reactive superficial oxide phases which form under oxygen-rich reaction conditions. Here we study the thermodynamic stability of platinum oxide surfaces and thin films and their reactivities toward oxidation of carbon compounds(More)
The key properties of a successful cathode material, such as the structural stability during delithiation, the battery voltage, and the Li mobility, were investigated for Al-doped Li–Mn–Ni oxide structures, using density-functional theory and the nudged-elastic band method. The rhombohedral layered structure of LiMn0.5Ni0.5O2 with zigzag and flower(More)
The catalytic activity of palladium toward selective hydrogenation of hydrocarbons depends on the partial pressure of hydrogen. It has been suggested that the reaction proceeds selectively toward partial hydrogenation only when a carbon-rich film is present at the metal surface. On the basis of first-principles simulations, we show that carbon can dissolve(More)
Adopting the theoretical scheme developed by the Nørskov group [see, for example, Nørskov et al., J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 17886 (2004)], we conducted a density functional theory study of photo-driven oxidation processes of water on various terminations of the clean hematite (α-Fe2O3) (0001) surface, explicitly taking into account the strong correlation among(More)
Adsorption and dissociation of water on different oxygen- and iron-terminated hematite(0001) surfaces at monolayer coverage have been studied by density-functional theory calculations, including a Hubbard-like+U correction. We considered six possible surface terminations, including four oxygen- and two iron-terminations. Binding energy of water on these(More)
Licht et al. (Science, 2014, 345, 637) recently proposed a procedure to synthesize NH3 from N2 and by steam electrolysis in molten hydroxide suspensions of nano-Fe2O3. This highly exciting investigation undoubtedly boosts the hope of the CO2-free and low-cost ammonia industry. To provide insights at the atomistic level into the reduction process of N2, we(More)
Institute for Materials Science and Max Bergmann Center of Biomaterials, Dresden UniVersity of Technology, D-01062 Dresden, Germany, Fakultät Physik, UniVersität Wien, Sensengasse 8, 1090 Wien, Austria, Hybrid Materials Interfaces Group, Faculty of Production Engineering and Bremen Centre for Computational Materials Science, UniVersity of Bremen, D-28359(More)
A novel all-atom, dissociative, and polarizable force field for water is presented. The force field is parameterized based on forces, stresses, and energies obtained form ab initio calculations of liquid water at ambient conditions. The accuracy of the force field is tested by calculating structural and dynamical properties of liquid water and the(More)
Hematite is a promising catalyst for the photoelectrochemical water oxidation reaction, which however displays a low overall efficiency. To improve it, a systematic understanding of the underlying photocatalytic mechanisms is desirable but difficult to obtain by experimental techniques alone. Here, we have investigated the oxidation of water on the most(More)