Nicola S Anstice

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PURPOSE To test the efficacy of an experimental Dual-Focus (DF) soft contact lens in reducing myopia progression. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, paired-eye control, investigator-masked trial with cross-over. PARTICIPANTS Forty children, 11-14 years old, with mean spherical equivalent refraction (SER) of -2.71 ± 1.10 diopters (D). METHODS Dual-Focus(More)
Over the past decade, a number of large clinical trials have provided important information relating to the reliability and repeatability of commonly used paediatric tests of vision and their role in the diagnosis and management of paediatric ocular diseases. The aim of this review is to summarise recent findings on the use of paediatric visual acuity tests(More)
PURPOSE We developed and validated a technique for measuring global motion perception in 2-year-old children, and assessed the relationship between global motion perception and other measures of visual function. METHODS Random dot kinematogram (RDK) stimuli were used to measure motion coherence thresholds in 366 children at risk of neurodevelopmental(More)
BACKGROUND Neonatal hypoglycemia is common and can cause neurologic impairment, but evidence supporting thresholds for intervention is limited. METHODS We performed a prospective cohort study involving 528 neonates with a gestational age of at least 35 weeks who were considered to be at risk for hypoglycemia; all were treated to maintain a blood glucose(More)
Prenatal exposure to recreational drugs impairs motor and cognitive development; however it is currently unknown whether visual brain areas are affected. To address this question, we investigated the effect of prenatal drug exposure on global motion perception, a behavioural measure of processing within the dorsal extrastriate visual cortex that is thought(More)
BACKGROUND Limited data are available on the causes of visual impairment in preschool children in New Zealand. We aimed to review demographic and visual parameters in children referred to the Ophthalmology Department, Manukau Super Clinic from vision screening programs in South Auckland. METHODS Retrospective medical record review of 131 children, aged(More)
Global motion perception is often used as an index of dorsal visual stream function in neurodevelopmental studies. However, the relationship between global motion perception and visuomotor control, a primary function of the dorsal stream, is unclear. We measured global motion perception (motion coherence threshold; MCT) and performance on standardized(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the accuracy of preschool vision screening in a large, ethnically diverse, urban population in South Auckland, New Zealand. DESIGN Retrospective longitudinal study. METHODS B4 School Check vision screening records (n=5572) were compared with hospital eye department data for children referred from screening due to impaired acuity in(More)
PURPOSE Children may be tested with a variety of visual acuity (VA) charts during their ophthalmic care and differences between charts can complicate the interpretation of VA measurements. This study compared VA measurements across four pediatric charts with Sloan letters and identified chart design features that contributed to inter-chart differences in(More)
BACKGROUND Many newborn babies experience low blood glucose concentrations, a condition referred to as neonatal hypoglycaemia (NH). The effect of NH on visual development in infancy and childhood is of interest because the occipital lobes, which include the primary visual cortex and a number of extrastriate visual areas, may be particularly susceptible to(More)