Nicola Pozzi

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For over four decades, two competing mechanisms of ligand recognition--conformational selection and induced-fit--have dominated our interpretation of protein allostery. Defining the mechanism broadens our understanding of the system and impacts our ability to design effective drugs and new therapeutics. Recent kinetics studies demonstrate that trypsin-like(More)
Prethrombin-2 is the immediate zymogen precursor of the clotting enzyme thrombin, which is generated upon cleavage at R15 and separation of the A chain and catalytic B chain. The X-ray structure of prethrombin-2 determined in the free form at 1.9 Å resolution shows the 215-217 segment collapsed into the active site and occluding 49% of the volume available(More)
INTRODUCTION Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS) is characterized by the presence of circulating antiphospholipid antibodies in patients with thrombosis or pregnancy morbidity. Antibodies involved in these disorders are mainly those directed against β(2)-Glycoprotein I (β(2)GPI) with the major epitope apparently located on discontinuous antigen with several(More)
Oleuropein (Chemical Abstracts Service registry number 32619-42-4), a bitter-tasting secoiridoid glucoside commonly found in leaves of the olive tree as well as in olives (Olea europaea L.), was found to be hydrolyzed by the beta-glucosidase (EC produced by oleuropeinolytic Lactobacillus plantarum-type strains. Three strains, designated B17, B20,(More)
Protein C is activated by thrombin with a value of k(cat)/K(m) = 0.11mM(-1)s(-1) that increases 1700-fold in the presence of the cofactor thrombomodulin. The molecular origin of this effect triggering an important feedback loop in the coagulation cascade remains elusive. Acidic residues in the activation domain of protein C are thought to electrostatically(More)
Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (CD26/DPP-IV) is an ectoenzyme expressed on different cell types. Signaling properties and functional consequences of the CD26 triggering have been elucidated mostly on T cells, where the molecule delivers a costimulatory signal that potentiates T-cell activation through the T-cell receptor. We conducted studies in the human(More)
CKD (chronic kidney disease) is a life-threatening pathology, often requiring HD (haemodialysis) and characterized by high OS (oxidative stress), inflammation and perturbation of vascular endothelium. HD patients have increased levels of vWF (von Willebrand factor), a large protein (~240 kDa) released as UL-vWF (ultra large-vWF polymers, molecular mass(More)
Bovine pancreatic ribonuclease A forms 3D domain-swapped oligomers by lyophilization from 40% acetic acid solutions or if subjected to various thermally-induced denaturation procedures. Considering that the intrinsic swapping propensity of bovine seminal RNase, the only member of the pancreatic-type RNase super-family that is dimeric in nature, is decreased(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi infection is controlled but not eliminated by host immunity. The T. cruzi trans-sialidase (TS) gene superfamily encodes immunodominant protective antigens, but expression of altered peptide ligands by different TS genes has been hypothesized to promote immunoevasion. We molecularly defined TS epitopes to determine their importance for(More)