Nicola Minshall

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Clam p82 is a member of the cytoplasmic polyadenylation element-binding protein (CPEB) family of RNA-binding proteins and serves dual functions in regulating gene expression in early development. In the oocyte, p82/CPEB is a translational repressor, whereas in the activated egg, it acts as a polyadenylation factor. Coimmunoprecipitations were performed with(More)
CPEB (cytoplasmic polyadenylation element-binding protein) is an important regulator of translation in oocytes and neurons. Although previous studies of CPEB in late Xenopus oocytes involve the eIF4E-binding protein maskin as the key factor for the repression of maternal mRNA, a second mechanism must exist, since maskin is absent earlier in oogenesis. Using(More)
The RNA helicase p54 (DDX6, Dhh1, Me31B, Cgh-1, RCK) is a prototypic component of P-(rocessing) bodies in cells ranging from yeast to human. Previously, we have shown that it is also a component of the large cytoplasmic polyadenylation element-binding protein translation repressor complex in Xenopus oocytes and that when tethered to the 3' untranslated(More)
Previously, we reported that in clam oocytes, cytoplasmic polyadenylation element-binding protein (CPEB) co-immunoprecipitates with p47, a member of the highly conserved RCK family of RNA helicases which includes Drosophila Me31B and Saccharomyces cerevisiae Dhh1. Xp54, the Xenopus homologue, with helicase activity, is a component of stored mRNP. In(More)
Selective protein synthesis in oocytes, eggs and early embryos of many organisms drives several critical aspects of early development, including meiotic maturation and entry into mitosis, establishment of embryonic axes and cell fate determination. mRNA-binding proteins which (usually) recognize 3'-UTR (untranslated region) elements in target mRNAs(More)
The Argonaute superfamily is a large family of RNA-binding proteins involved in gene regulation mediated by small noncoding RNA and characterized by the presence of PAZ and PIWI domains. The family consists of two branches, the Ago and the Piwi clade. Piwi proteins bind to 21-30-nucleotide-long Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs), which map primarily to(More)
Translational repression is achieved by protein complexes that typically bind 3' UTR mRNA motifs and interfere with the formation of the cap-dependent initiation complex, resulting in mRNPs with a closed-loop conformation. We demonstrate here that the human DEAD-box protein Rck/p54, which is a component of such complexes and central to P-body assembly, is(More)
In addition to the canonical eIF4E cap-binding protein, eukaryotes have evolved sequence-related variants with distinct features, some of which have been shown to negatively regulate translation of particular mRNAs, but which remain poorly characterised. Mammalian eIF4E proteins have been divided into three classes, with class I representing the canonical(More)
During early development gene expression is controlled principally at the translational level. Oocytes of the surf clam Spisula solidissima contain large stockpiles of maternal mRNAs that are translationally dormant or masked until meiotic maturation. Activation of the oocyte by fertilization leads to translational activation of the abundant cyclin and(More)
A key player in translation initiation is eIF4E, the mRNA 5' cap-binding protein. 4E-Transporter (4E-T) is a recently characterized eIF4E-binding protein, which regulates specific mRNAs in several developmental model systems. Here, we first investigated the role of its enrichment in P-bodies and eIF4E-binding in translational regulation in mammalian cells.(More)