Nicola M Tomas

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BACKGROUND Idiopathic membranous nephropathy is an autoimmune disease. In approximately 70% of patients, it is associated with autoantibodies against the phospholipase A2 receptor 1 (PLA2R1). Antigenic targets in the remaining patients are unknown. METHODS Using Western blotting, we screened serum samples from patients with idiopathic membranous(More)
Thrombospondin type 1 domain-containing 7A (THSD7A) is a target antigen identified in adult membranous nephropathy (MN) along with the major antigen phospholipase A2 receptor 1 (PLA2R1). The prevalence of THSD7A-Ab-positive patients is unknown, and it is unclear whether the clinical presentation differs between patients positive for PLA2R1-Ab or THSD7A-Ab.(More)
Epidemiological studies revealed a strong correlation between the metabolic syndrome/diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) and higher incidence and faster progression of breast and colon cancer. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are widely unknown. Akt and phospholipase Cγ (PLCγ) are involved in tyrosine kinase signaling and promote tumor cell growth(More)
To the Editor: An association between membranous nephropathy and malignant tumors has been known for decades.1 It was hypothesized that circulating, preformed immune complexes containing tumor antigens deposit in the glomeruli and induce membranous nephropathy; however, this hypothesis no longer appears to explain how subepithelial immune deposition(More)
Membranous nephropathy (MN) is the most common cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults, and one-third of patients develop end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Circulating autoantibodies against the podocyte surface antigens phospholipase A2 receptor 1 (PLA2R1) and the recently identified thrombospondin type 1 domain-containing 7A (THSD7A) are assumed to cause the(More)
BACKGROUND Phospholipase A2 receptor antibodies (PLA2R-Ab) and thrombospondin type-1 domain-containing 7A antibodies (THSD7A-Ab) are present in 70-80% of patients with membranous nephropathy (MN). Little, however, is known about the pathogenesis of MN and the clinical outcome in PLA2R-Ab- and THSD7A-Ab-negative patients. METHODS In this prospective(More)
About 70% of patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy (iMN) have autoantibodies to the phospholipase A2 receptor PLA2R1. We screened sera from iMN patients for their cross-reactivity to human (h), rabbit (rb) and mouse (m) PLA2R1 by western blot (WB) and antigen-specific ELISAs. All iMN patients recognized hPLA2R1 and rbPLA2R1 by WB, and a rbPLA2R1(More)
Thrombospondin type 1 domain-containing 7A (THSD7A) is a target for autoimmunity in patients with membranous nephropathy (MN). Circulating autoantibodies from patients with THSD7A-associated MN have been demonstrated to cause MN in mice. However, THSD7A-associated MN is a rare disease, preventing the use of patient antibodies for larger experimental(More)
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