Nicola M. Solomon

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Neural specification and differentiation in the Drosophila eye sweep across the unpatterned epithelial monolayer of the eye imaginal disc following a developmental wave termed the morphogenetic furrow. The furrow begins at the posterior margin of the eye imaginal disc and moves anteriorly as a linear front. Progression of the furrow requires the function of(More)
In Drosophila cells, regulatory mechanisms not only act to provide rapid induction of hsp70 during heat shock but also to prevent expression at normal temperatures. To determine whether expression of hsp70 is detrimental to cells growing at normal temperatures, we used heterologous promoters to force expression of the protein in tissue culture cells and in(More)
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is the leading genetic cause of obesity. After initial severe hypotonia, PWS children become hyperphagic and morbidly obese, if intake is not restricted. Short stature with abnormal growth hormone secretion, hypogonadism, cognitive impairment, anxiety and behavior problems are other features. PWS is caused by lack of expression(More)
Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), a heterotrimeric serine/threonine phosphatase present in most tissues and cell types, has been implicated in the regulation of cell cycle progression, DNA replication, transcription, and translation. Here we present genetic evidence suggesting that PP2A functions downstream of Ras1 in the Sevenless receptor tyrosine kinase(More)
We have performed an F2 genetic screen to identify lethal mutations within the 63E-64A genomic region. We have isolated 122 mutations in 20 different complementation groups. Of these groups, 16 are represented by multiple alleles. We have also established that the Rop and Ras2 genes are located within the 63E-64A genomic domain at 64A10,11. We have(More)
We have identified a novel interstitial duplication at Xq26.1-q27.3 in a previously reported family with X-linked recessive hypopituitarism [1]. Mapping of the duplication was carried out using interphase FISH analysis of over 60 bacterial genomic clones from Xq25-q28. The proximal and distal breakpoints of the duplication are contained within the 432N13(More)
We have investigated hepatic expression and glucocorticoid regulation of the corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG) gene in mice lacking a functional glucocorticoid receptor (GR). GR-/- mice show impaired negative feedback in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, resulting in elevated circulating levels of ACTH and corticosterone. This is seen in the(More)
The introduction of a targeted insertion mutation into exon 2 of the gene coding for the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) enabled production of glucocorticoid receptor knock-out (GRKO) mice. GRKO mice on a C57BL/6/129sv mixed genetic background show a variable phenotype, with 90% of -/- mice dying at birth with respiratory insufficiency but 10% of mutant mice(More)
A cDNA encoding the Drosophila melanogaster p90 ribosomal S6 kinase II (RSK) was isolated from an eye-antennal imaginal disc library and sequenced. The conceptually translated protein is 60-63% identical to vertebrate RSK homologs and contains a perfectly conserved mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphorylation site. The gene was mapped to the base of the(More)
Glucocorticoids provide important signals for maturation of the fetal lung and antenatal glucocorticoids are used to reduce the respiratory insufficiency suffered by preterm infants. To further understand the role of glucocorticoids in fetal lung maturation, we have analyzed mice with a targeted null mutation for the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) gene, which(More)