Nicola M. A. Parry

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Single-walled carbon nanotubes are particularly attractive for biomedical applications, because they exhibit a fluorescent signal in a spectral region where there is minimal interference from biological media. Although single-walled carbon nanotubes have been used as highly sensitive detectors for various compounds, their use as in vivo biomarkers requires(More)
Recent studies suggest that gastrointestinal tract microbiota modulate cancer development in distant non-intestinal tissues. Here we tested mechanistic hypotheses using a targeted pathogenic gut microbial infection animal model with a predilection to breast cancer. FVB-Tg(C3-1-TAg)cJeg/JegJ female mice were infected by gastric gavage with Helicobacter(More)
Psychological stressors are known to affect colonic diseases but the mechanisms by which this occurs, and whether probiotics can prevent stressor effects, are not understood. Because inflammatory monocytes that traffic into the colon can exacerbate colitis, we tested whether CCL2, a chemokine involved in monocyte recruitment, was necessary for(More)
  • Citation Lu, Peter Hans Kun, Ryan Phillip Cable, Hongyu Abo, Michelle E Ru, Katherine Ann Graffam +16 others
  • 2014
Article is made available in accordance with the publisher's policy and may be subject to US copyright law. Please refer to the publisher's site for terms of use. The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. Abstract Exposure to arsenic affects large human populations worldwide, and(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnosis of chronic intestinal inflammation, which characterizes inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), along with prediction of disease state is hindered by the availability of predictive serum biomarker. Serum biomarkers predictive of disease state will improve trials for therapeutic intervention, and disease monitoring, particularly in genetically(More)
Large individual differences in susceptibility to arsenic-induced diseases are well-documented and frequently associated with different patterns of arsenic metabolism. In this context, the role of the gut microbiome in directly metabolizing arsenic and triggering systemic responses in diverse organs raises the possibility that gut microbiome phenotypes(More)
Exposure to a prolonged restraint stressor disrupts the colonic microbiota community composition, and is associated with an elevated inflammatory response to colonic pathogen challenge. Since the stability of the microbiota has been implicated in the development and modulation of mucosal immune responses, we hypothesized that the disruptive effect of the(More)
Citation Lakritz, Jessica R., et al. "Gut bacteria require neutrophils to promote mammary tumorigenesis. The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. ABSTRACT Recent studies suggest that gastrointestinal tract microbiota modulate cancer development in distant non-intestinal tissues.(More)
The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. Abstract Farnesoid X receptor (FXR) is a nuclear receptor that regulates bile acid metabolism and transport. Mice lacking expression of FXR (FXR KO) have a high incidence of foci of cellular alterations (FCA) and liver tumors. Here, we(More)
  • Citation Lu, Peter Hans Kun, Ryan Phillip Cable, Hongyu Abo, Michelle E Ru, Katherine Ann Graffam +16 others
  • 2014
Article is made available in accordance with the publisher's policy and may be subject to US copyright law. Please refer to the publisher's site for terms of use. The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. Abstract Exposure to arsenic affects large human populations worldwide, and(More)