Nicola Longo

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BACKGROUND Creatine transporter deficiency is a monogenic cause of X-linked intellectual disability. Since its first description in 2001 several case reports have been published but an overview of phenotype, genotype and phenotype--genotype correlation has been lacking. METHODS We performed a retrospective study of clinical, biochemical and molecular(More)
Mutations in the insulin receptor gene cause the inherited insulin resistant syndromes Leprechaunism and Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome. These recessive conditions are characterized by intrauterine and post-natal growth restrictions, dysmorphic features, altered glucose homeostasis, and early demise. The insulin receptor gene (INSR) maps to the short arm of(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to examine predictors of ammonia exposure and hyperammonemic crises in patients with urea cycle disorders. METHODS The relationships between fasting ammonia, daily ammonia exposure, and hyperammonemic crises were analyzed in >100 patients with urea cycle disorders. RESULTS Fasting ammonia correlated strongly with daily(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study were to assess the reactions of adult patients and parents of children with metabolic conditions to receipt of an "information prescription" (IP) to visit Genetics Home Reference (GHR), a National Institutes of Health/National Library of Medicine online resource, and evaluate the perceived utility of information found(More)
BACKGROUND Phenylketonuria is an inherited disease caused by impaired activity of phenylalanine hydroxylase, the enzyme that converts phenylalanine to tyrosine, leading to accumulation of phenylalanine and subsequent neurocognitive dysfunction. Phenylalanine ammonia lyase is a prokaryotic enzyme that converts phenylalanine to ammonia and trans-cinnamic(More)
Mitochondrial disorders cause a wide spectrum of diseases in children. Their presentation is nonspecific with encephalomyopathy, failure to thrive, seizures, ophthalmoplegia, and sensorineural hearing loss. These disorders are progressive and are aggravated by fever and infections. They can be caused by mutations in nDNA or mtDNA. Diagnosis requires a(More)
BACKGROUND Little prospectively collected data are available comparing the dietary intake of urea cycle disorder (UCD) patients to UCD treatment guidelines or to healthy individuals. OBJECTIVE To examine the protein and calorie intakes of UCD subjects who participated in clinical trials of glycerol phenylbutyrate (GPB) and compare these data to published(More)
Piezo1 ion channels are mediators of mechanotransduction in several cell types including the vascular endothelium, renal tubular cells and erythrocytes. Gain-of-function mutations in PIEZO1 cause an autosomal dominant haemolytic anaemia in humans called dehydrated hereditary stomatocytosis. However, the phenotypic consequence of PIEZO1 loss of function in(More)
BACKGROUND Canavan disease is a devastating autosomal recessive leukodystrophy leading to spongiform degeneration of the white matter. There is no cure or treatment for Canavan disease, and disease progression is poorly understood. RESULTS We report a new presentation of a patient found to have Canavan disease; brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)(More)
X-linked cerebral creatine deficiency (MIM 300036) is caused by deficiency of the creatine transporter encoded by the SLC6A8 gene. Here we report three patients with this condition from Israel. These unrelated patients were evaluated for global developmental delays and language apraxia. Borderline microcephaly was noted in one of them. Diagnosis was(More)