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Breeding for resistance was considered one of the possible ways to limit the damages caused by the epidemics of Dutch elm disease (DED) during the last century. The elm breeding program developed by CNR in Italy was based on the idea that the Mediterranean environment would need its own specific selections. A base broadening of the genetic resources was(More)
2-years-old cypress needles (A2) were physiologically most active with regard to net photosynthetic (P N) and electron transport rates. Variable to maximum fluorescence (Fv/Fm) ratios of dark-adapted needles were higher in A2 needles than in current year (A1) or senescent (A4) needles. Lower Fv/Fm values in these stages seemed to be caused not by(More)
Organelle genomes evolve rapidly as compared with nuclear genomes and have been widely used for developing microsatellites or simple sequence repeats (SSRs) markers for delineating phylogenomics. In our previous reports, we have established the largest repository of organelle SSRs, ChloroMitoSSRDB, which provides access to 2161 organelle genomes (1982(More)
Microsatellites or simple sequence repeats (SSRs) are repetitive stretches of nucleotides (A, T, G, C) that are distributed either as single base pair stretches or as a combination of two- to six-nucleotides units that are non-randomly distributed within coding and in non-coding regions of the genome. ChloroMitoSSRDB is a complete curated web-oriented(More)
Photoinhibition of photosynthesis was studied in young and mature detached sun needles of cypress under high irradiance (HI) of about 1 900 μmol m−2 s−1. The degree of photoinhibition was determined by means of the ratio of variable to maximum chlorophyll (Chl) fluorescence (Fv/Fm) and electron transport measurements. Compared with the mature needles, the(More)
Tree-ring patterns of Picea abies (L.) Karst. both unaffected and affected by Heterobasidion parviporum were analysed in three mature stands located at different elevations in the Eastern Alps. The main objectives were (1) to clarify the role of climatic conditions on infected trees; (2) to estimate indirect volume losses due to the prolonged presence of(More)
From a clone library containing microsatellite DNA fragments of Norway spruce, seven pairs of primers were selected. These primers were tested as markers in the genetic structure analysis of nine populations of Eurasian spruce species Picea abies (L.) Karst. and Picea obovata Ledeb. Five pairs of these primers identified polymorphic loci with allele numbers(More)
Twenty cypress accessions were tested for freezing tolerance. After freezing to −15°C, differences among cypress accessions were tested by measuring electrolyte leakage and chlorophyll fluorescence. Based on these data, cypress accessions showing contrasting freezing tolerance were subjected to transcript profiling of candidate genes upon the development of(More)
Forest trees dominate many Alpine landscapes that are currently exposed to changing climate. Norway spruce is one of the most important conifer species of the Italian Alps, and natural populations are found across steep environmental gradients with large differences in temperature and moisture availability. This study seeks to determine and quantify(More)
Organelle genomes are widely thought to have arisen from reduction events involving cyanobacterial and archaeal genomes, in the case of chloroplasts, or α-proteobacterial genomes, in the case of mitochondria. Heterogeneity in base composition and codon preference has long been the subject of investigation of topics ranging from phylogenetic distortion to(More)