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The neurotransmitters glutamate and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) could participate in the regulation of the endocrine functions of islets of Langerhans. We investigated the role of the metabotropic glutamate (mGluRs) and GABAB (GABABRs) receptors in this process. We studied the expression of mGluRs and GABA BRs in rat and human islets of Langerhans and in(More)
We report for the first time abnormalities in cardiac ventricular electrophysiology in a genetically modified murine model lacking the Scn3b gene (Scn3b(-/-)). Scn3b(-/-) mice were created by homologous recombination in embryonic stem (ES) cells. RT-PCR analysis confirmed that Scn3b mRNA was expressed in the ventricles of wild-type (WT) hearts but was(More)
The plasma membrane expression of the rat brain calcium channel subunits alpha1A, alpha2-delta and the beta subunits beta1b, beta2a, beta3b and beta4 was examined by transient expression in COS-7 cells. Neither alpha1A nor alpha2-delta localized to the plasma membrane, either alone or when coexpressed. However, coexpression of alpha1A or(More)
1. The alpha1B (N-type) calcium channel shows strong G protein modulation in the presence of G protein activators or Gbetagamma subunits. Using transient expression in COS-7 cells of alpha1B together with the accessory subunits alpha2-delta and beta2a, we have examined the role of endogenous Gbetagamma subunits in the tonic modulation of alpha1B, and(More)
1. Voltage-dependent calcium channels (VDCCs) show a highly non-uniform distribution in many cell types, including neurons and other polarized secretory cells. We have examined whether this can be mimicked in a polarized epithelial cell line (Madin-Darby canine kidney), which has been used extensively to study the targeting of proteins. 2. We expressed the(More)
Voltage-dependent calcium channels consist of a pore-forming transmembrane alpha1-subunit, which is known to associate with a number of accessory subunits, including alpha2-delta- and beta-subunits. The beta-subunits, of which four have been identified (beta1-4), are intracellular proteins that have marked effects on calcium channel trafficking and(More)
AIM In contrast to extensive reports on the roles of Na(v)1.5 alpha-subunits, there have been few studies associating the beta-subunits with cardiac arrhythmogenesis. We investigated the sino-atrial and conduction properties in the hearts of Scn3b(-/-) mice. METHODS The following properties were compared in the hearts of wild-type (WT) and Scn3b(-/-)(More)
1. High voltage activated (HVA) Ca2+ channels are composed of a pore-forming alpha 1 subunit and the accessory beta and alpha2-delta subunits. However, the subunit composition of low voltage activated (LVA), or T-type, Ca2+ channels has yet to be elucidated. We have examined whether native calcium channels in NG108-15 mouse neuroblastoma x rat glioma hybrid(More)
1. The presence of calcium channel alpha 1D subunit mRNA in cultured rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurones and guinea-pig cardiac myocytes was demonstrated using the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. 2. An antipeptide antibody targeted at a region of the voltage-dependent calcium channel alpha 1D subunit C-terminal to the pore-forming(More)
Brugada syndrome (BrS) is associated with ventricular tachycardia originating particularly in the right ventricle (RV). We explore electrophysiological features predisposing to such arrhythmic tendency and their possible RV localization in a heterozygotic Scn5a+/- murine model. Na(v)1.5 mRNA and protein expression were lower in Scn5a+/- than wild-type (WT),(More)