Nicola J. Rowbotham

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Expression of TCRbeta and pre-TCR signalling are essential for differentiation of CD4- CD8- double negative (DN) thymocytes to the CD4+ CD8+ double-positive (DP) stage. Thymocyte development in adult Rag1, Rag2 or TCRbetadelta-deficient mice is arrested at the DN3 stage leading to the assumption that pre-TCR signalling and beta-selection occur at, and are(More)
TCR signal strength is involved in many cell fate decisions in the T-cell lineage. Here, we show that transcriptional events induced by Hedgehog (Hh) signaling reduced TCR signal strength in mice. Activation of Hh signaling in thymocytes in vivo by expression of a transgenic transcriptional-activator form of Gli2 (Gli2DeltaN(2)) changed the outcome of TCR(More)
The diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) remains problematic due to the subjective nature of morphologic assessment. The reported high frequency of somatic mutations and increased structural variants by array-based cytogenetics have provided potential objective markers of disease; however, this has been complicated by reports of similar(More)
The Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway influences multiple stages of murine T-cell development. Hh signaling mediates transcriptional changes by the activity of the Gli family of transcription factors, Gli1, Gli2 and Gli3. Both Gli2 and Gli3 are essential for mouse development and can be processed to function as transcriptional repressors or transcriptional(More)
The Hedgehog (Hh) responsive transcription factor Gli3 is required for efficient thymocyte development in the fetus. In this study we show that Gli3, not detected in adult thymocytes, is expressed in the murine fetal and adult thymus stroma. PCR array analysis revealed Cxcl9, Rbp1, and Nos2 as novel target genes of Gli3. We show that Gli3 positively(More)
The Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway is a key regulator of both embryonic development and homeostasis of adult tissues, including thymus and blood. In the thymus, Hh signals for differentiation, survival and proliferation in the early stages of T cell development, before TCR gene rearrangement. Our recent data has shown that Hh signaling also modulates T(More)
Hedgehog proteins signal for differentiation, survival and proliferation of the earliest thymocyte progenitors, but their functions at later stages of thymocyte development and in peripheral T-cell function are controversial. Here we show that repression of Hedgehog (Hh) pathway activation in T-lineage cells, by expression of a transgenic repressor form of(More)
We have recently shown that endogenous Annexin-A1 (AnxA1) plays a homeostatic regulatory role in mature T cells by modulating the strength of TCR signaling. In this study we investigated the role of endogenous AnxA1 in thymocyte maturation. Analysis of AnxA1(-/-) thymocyte populations at the immature CD4(-)CD8(-) double negative (DN) stage showed a(More)
We show that Indian Hedgehog (Ihh) regulates T-cell development and homeostasis in both fetal and adult thymus, controlling thymocyte number. Fetal Ihh(-/-) thymi had reduced differentiation to double-positive (DP) cell and reduced cell numbers compared with wild-type littermates. Surprisingly, fetal Ihh(+/-) thymi had increased thymocyte numbers and(More)
Hedgehog signaling regulates differentiation, survival, and proliferation of the earliest double-negative (DN) thymocytes, but its importance at later stages of T-cell development is controversial. Here we use loss- and gain-of-function mouse models to show that Shh, by signaling directly to the developing thymocyte, is a negative regulator of(More)