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1. The production of chemokines by vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC) is implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, although the factors regulating chemokine production by these cells are incompletely characterized. 2. We describe the differential stimulation of interleukin-(IL)-8, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 and regulated on activation(More)
Acquired resistance to endocrine therapies presents a major obstacle to the successful treatment of breast cancer patients. Previously, we have shown that acquisition of resistance to tamoxifen in breast cancer cells is accompanied by an elevation in Src kinase activity which promotes an aggressive, invasive phenotype in vitro. Here, we have explored the(More)
Antiestrogens such as tamoxifen are the mainstay of treatment for estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer. However, their effectiveness is limited by the development of endocrine resistance, allowing tumor regrowth and progression. Importantly, in vitro MCF7 cell models of acquired tamoxifen resistance (TamR cells) display an aggressive, invasive phenotype(More)
Acquired resistance to endocrine therapy in breast cancer is a significant problem with relapse being associated with local and/or regional recurrence and frequent distant metastases. Breast cancer cell models reveal that endocrine resistance is accompanied by a gain in aggressive behaviour driven in part through altered growth factor receptor signalling,(More)
Although many estrogen receptor-positive breast cancers initially respond to antihormones, responses are commonly incomplete with resistance ultimately emerging. Delineation of signaling mechanisms underlying these phenomena would allow development of therapies to improve antihormone response and compromise resistance. This in vitro investigation in MCF-7(More)
Arteriosclerotic lesions are characterized by the accumulation of T lymphocytes and monocytes and the proliferation of intimal smooth muscle cells. Expression of the chemokine monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP- 1) has been observed in arteriosclerotic plaques and has been proposed to mediate the transendothelial migration of mononuclear cells. More(More)
Virus-induced alterations in the cellular expression of chemokines may be important in directing the migration of specific leucocyte subsets to sites of infection, thereby playing a pivotal role in viral pathogenesis. We show here that cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection of human fibroblasts resulted in significantly increased expression of the C-X-C or(More)
In addition to their role as regulators of leukocyte migration and activation, chemokines and their receptors also function in angiogenesis, growth regulation, and HIV-1 pathogenesis--effects that involve the action of chemokines on nonhematopoietic cells. To determine whether chemokine receptors are expressed in human colonic epithelium, HT-29 cells were(More)
Our previous investigations using cell models of tamoxifen resistance have shown that the acquisition of an endocrine-insensitive state is accompanied by an invasive in vitro phenotype. In this study, we wished to determine whether this was specifically related to partial oestrogen receptor agonists or whether similar phenomena arise with the newer 'pure'(More)
Leukocyte accumulation and activation are key events in the pathogenesis of inflammatory lung disease. The ability of human airway smooth muscle cells (HASM) to contribute to the inflammatory process by its ability to produce the chemokines interleukin (IL) 8, monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP-1) and regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and(More)