Nicola J. Croxall

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Activin/Nodal signaling is required for maintaining pluripotency and self-renewal of mouse epiblast stem cells and human embryonic stem cells (hESC). In this study, we investigated whether this signaling mechanism is also operative in cultured epiblasts derived from Days 10.5-12 pig embryos. Pig epiblast stem cell lines (pEpiSC) were established on mouse(More)
Epigenetic reprogramming is critical for genome regulation during germ line development. Genome-wide demethylation in mouse primordial germ cells (PGC) is a unique reprogramming event essential for erasing epigenetic memory and preventing the transmission of epimutations to the next generation. In addition to DNA demethylation, PGC are subject to a major(More)
Carriage of Helicobacter pylori strains producing more active (s1/i1) forms of VacA is strongly associated with gastric adenocarcinoma. To our knowledge, we are the first to determine effects of different polymorphic forms of VacA on inflammation and metaplasia in the mouse stomach. Bacteria producing the less active s2/i2 form of VacA colonized mice more(More)
While adult neurogenesis in mammals is mainly restricted to two telencephalic zones, in teleost fishes, neurogenesis has been observed in many brain areas. Hence, the medaka (Oryzias latipes) represents an excellent model to study neural stem cells (NSCs). In order to detect NSCs, we have relied on the fact that adult stem cells divide more slowly than(More)
Two distinct type IV secretion systems (T4SSs) can be identified in certain Helicobacter pylori strains, encoded on mobile genetic elements termed tfs3 and tfs4. Although their function remains unknown, both have been implicated in clinical outcomes of H. pylori infection. Here we provide evidence that the Tfs3 T4SS is required for activity of the(More)
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