Nicola H. Chapman

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A mutant allele of the beta-chemokine receptor gene CCR5 bearing a 32-basepair (bp) deletion (denoted delta ccr5) which prevents cell invasion by the primary transmitting strain of HIV-1 has recently been characterized. Homozygotes for the mutation are resistant to infection, even after repeated high-risk exposures, but this resistance appears not to be(More)
Dyslexia is a common heterogeneous disorder with a significant genetic component. Multiple studies have replicated the evidence for linkage between variously defined phenotypes of dyslexia and chromosomal regions on 15q21 (DYX1) and 6p22.2 (DYX2). Based on association studies and the possibility for functional significance of several polymorphisms,(More)
Dyslexia is a common, complex disorder, which is thought to have a genetic component. There have been numerous reports of linkage to several regions of the genome for dyslexia and continuous dyslexia-related phenotypes. We attempted to confirm linkage of continuous measures of (1) accuracy and efficiency of phonological decoding; and (2) accuracy of single(More)
Dyslexia is a common and complex developmental disorder manifested by unexpected difficulty in learning to read. Multiple different measures are used for diagnosis, and may reflect different biological pathways related to the disorder. Impaired phonological decoding (translation of written words without meaning cues into spoken words) is thought to be a(More)
Linkage disequilibrium (LD) reflects coinheritance of an ancestral segment by chromosomes in a population. To begin to understand the effects of population history on the extent of LD, we model the length of a tract of identity-by-descent (IBD) between two chromosomes in a finite, random mating population. The variance of an IBD tract is large: a model(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Complex traits pose a particular challenge to standard methods for segregation analysis (SA), and for such traits it is difficult to assess the ability of complex SA (CSA) to approximate the true mode of inheritance. Here we use an oligogenic Bayesian Markov chain Monte Carlo method for SA (OSA) to verify results from a single-locus(More)
Venous thrombosis is a common problem, predominantly afflicting people of European origin. This European predisposition has been explained to some extent by the recent characterization of factor V Leiden, and the G20210A prothrombin variant. Although it is clear that factor V Leiden is largely confined to Europeans, the world distribution of the prothrombin(More)
Hereditary multiple exostoses (EXT) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by growth of benign bone tumors. Three chromosomal loci have been implicated in this genetically heterogeneous disease: EXT1 at 8q24, EXT2 at 11p13, and EXT3 on 19p. EXT1 and EXT2 were recently cloned. We evaluated 34 families with EXT to estimate the proportion of disease(More)
BACKGROUND A Guam variant of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS-G) and parkinsonism dementia complex (PDC-G) are found in the Chamorro people of Guam. Both disorders have overlapping neuropathologic findings, with neurofibrillary tangles in spinal cord and brain. The cause of ALS-G-PDC-G is unknown, although inheritance and environment appear important.(More)
Performance IQ (PIQ) greater than verbal IQ (VIQ) is often observed in studies of the cognitive abilities of autistic individuals. This characteristic is correlated with social and communication impairments, key parts of the autism diagnosis. We present the first genetic analyses of IQ discrepancy (PIQ–VIQ) as an autism-related phenotype. We performed(More)