Nicola Grossheinrich

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BACKGROUND Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been proposed as a new treatment option for depression. Previous studies were performed with low sample sizes in single centres and reported heterogeneous results. AIMS To investigate the efficacy of rTMS as augmentative treatment in depression. METHOD In a randomised, double-blind,(More)
BACKGROUND Because standard repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) protocols exhibit post-stimulus effects of short duration, novel protocols such as theta burst stimulation (TBS), are promising approaches to enhance the effectiveness of rTMS. However, little is known about the side effect profile of such protocols. Thus, the present study(More)
Psychomotor symptoms related to an impairment of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system are frequent in major depression (MD). Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been discussed as a new treatment option for MD. In neurobiological terms, an influence of high-frequency rTMS on dopaminergic neurotransmission has previously been shown by(More)
BACKGROUND Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been found to exert modest to moderate therapeutic effects in major depression, but mechanism of action and its clinical relevance have not been clarified yet. Previous trials have reported patterns of symptomatology predicting response to rTMS. As most patients also received concomitant(More)
Prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been shown to increase striatal dopaminergic activity. Here we investigated dopaminergic neurotransmission using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and [(123)I]IBZM to indirectly assess the change in endogenous striatal dopamine concentration upon rTMS as compared with(More)
Although attention deficit hyperactivity disorders (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) share certain neurocognitive characteristics, it has been hypothesized to differentiate the two disorders based on their brain's reward responsiveness to either social or monetary reward. Thus, the present fMRI study investigated neural activation in response to(More)
The present study investigated whether (a) a reduced duration of auditory sensory memory is found in late talking children and (b) whether deficits of sensory memory are linked to persistent difficulties in language acquisition. Former late talkers and children without delayed language development were examined at the age of 4 years and 7 months using(More)
Given that a considerable portion of depressed patients does not respond to or remit during pharmacotherapy, there is increasing interest in non-pharmacological strategies to treat depressive disorders. Several brain stimulation approaches are currently being investigated as novel therapeutic interventions beside electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), a(More)
BACKGROUND Major depression (MD) is associated with deficits in selective attention. Previous studies in adults with MD using event-related potentials (ERPs) reported abnormalities in the neurophysiological correlates of auditory selective attention. However, it is yet unclear whether these findings can be generalized to MD in adolescence. Thus, the aim of(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have proposed the process of emotion regulation as a promising target to study the neurophysiological basis of adolescent depression. Emotion regulation has repeatedly been studied with emotional go/no-go paradigms. To date, no study has examined if the left-frontal hypoactivation associated with depression generalizes to active(More)