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At a young age, ischemic stroke is an uncommon event in which prothrombotic factors are likely to play an important role. In 202 referred cases, 105 men and 97 women, median age 39 years (range, 3 to 50), with a history of ischemic stroke and in 1036 age frequency-matched apparently healthy individuals from the same ethnic background, we have investigated(More)
Recent in vitro findings suggest that bisphosphonates, potent inhibitors of osteoclastic bone resorption, may also have a direct action on osteoblasts. The purpose of this study was to search for potential effects of etidronate and alendronate on the formation of early and late osteoblastic cell precursors by measuring the number of colony-forming units for(More)
The biologic mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of multiple myeloma (MM) bone disease are not completely understood. Recent evidence suggests that T cells may regulate bone resorption through the cross-talk between the critical osteoclastogenetic factor, receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL), and interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) that(More)
Since bisphosphonates prevent bone loss in osteoporosis and rheumatoid arthritis, diseases in which the osteoclastogenic and inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 plays a pathophysiologic role, we studied whether these drugs regulate the production of this cytokine by osteoblasts. Spontaneous and IL-1 + TNF-alpha stimulated IL-6 release was measured in(More)
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) plasma levels have been consistently related to a polymorphism (4G/5G) of the PAI-1 gene. The renin-angiotensin pathway plays a role in the regulation of PAI-1 plasma levels. An insertion (I)/deletion (D) polymorphism of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene has been related to plasma and cellular ACE levels.(More)
Plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) is a determinant of vascular events. Subjects in metabolic wards are at high risk for these events. The renin-angiotensin system modulates plasma PAI-1 levels. An insertion (4G)/deletion (5G) polymorphism is involved in the regulation of the circulating levels of PAI-1. We have evaluated the levels of plasma PAI-1(More)
We performed a phase 1/2 trial to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of pomalidomide and to explore its efficacy when combined with cyclophosphamide-prednisone in relapsed/refractory myeloma patients. Pomalidomide was given at 1 to 2.5 mg/d, cyclophosphamide at 50 mg every other day, prednisone at 50 mg every other day, for 6 28-day cycles, followed(More)
Bone marrow stromal cells (MSCs) and osteoblasts are the two main non-haematopoietic cellular components of human bone tissue. To identify novel osteoblast-related molecules, we performed a gene expression profiling analysis comparing MSCs and osteoblasts isolated from the same donors. Genes differentially overexpressed in osteoblasts were mainly related to(More)
PURPOSE Lenalidomide has shown significant antimyeloma activity in clinical studies. Oral melphalan, prednisone, and thalidomide have been regarded as the standard of care in elderly multiple myeloma patients. We assessed dosing, efficacy, and safety of melphalan, prednisone, and lenalidomide (MPR) in newly diagnosed elderly myeloma patients. PATIENTS AND(More)
Although osteolysis is a common complication in patients with multiple myeloma (MM), the biologic mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of MM-induced bone disease are poorly understood. Two factors produced by stromal-osteoblastic cells seem critical to the regulation of bone resorption: osteoprotegerin (OPG) and its ligand (OPGL). OPGL stimulates(More)