Nicola Giuliani

Learn More
Although osteolysis is a common complication in patients with multiple myeloma (MM), the biologic mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of MM-induced bone disease are poorly understood. Two factors produced by stromal-osteoblastic cells seem critical to the regulation of bone resorption: osteoprotegerin (OPG) and its ligand (OPGL). OPGL stimulates(More)
PURPOSE Multiple myeloma (MM) derives from plasmablast/plasma cells that accumulate in the bone marrow. Different microenvironmental factors may promote metastatic dissemination especially to the skeleton, causing bone destruction. The balance between osteoclast and osteoblast activity represents a critical issue in bone remodeling. Thus, we investigated(More)
Angiogenesis has a critical role in the pathophysiology of multiple myeloma (MM); however, the molecular mechanisms underlying this process are not completely elucidated. The new tumor-suppressor gene inhibitor of growth family member 4 (ING4) has been recently implicated in solid tumors as a repressor of angiogenesis. In this study, we found that ING4(More)
At a young age, ischemic stroke is an uncommon event in which prothrombotic factors are likely to play an important role. In 202 referred cases, 105 men and 97 women, median age 39 years (range, 3 to 50), with a history of ischemic stroke and in 1036 age frequency-matched apparently healthy individuals from the same ethnic background, we have investigated(More)
Recent in vitro findings suggest that bisphosphonates, potent inhibitors of osteoclastic bone resorption, may also have a direct action on osteoblasts. The purpose of this study was to search for potential effects of etidronate and alendronate on the formation of early and late osteoblastic cell precursors by measuring the number of colony-forming units for(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effect of bortezomib as induction therapy before autologous transplantation, followed by lenalidomide as consolidation-maintenance in myeloma patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS Newly diagnosed patients age 65 to 75 years were eligible. Induction (bortezomib, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone [PAD]) included four 21-day cycles of bortezomib(More)
PURPOSE Lenalidomide has shown significant antimyeloma activity in clinical studies. Oral melphalan, prednisone, and thalidomide have been regarded as the standard of care in elderly multiple myeloma patients. We assessed dosing, efficacy, and safety of melphalan, prednisone, and lenalidomide (MPR) in newly diagnosed elderly myeloma patients. PATIENTS AND(More)
Growing evidence suggests that interleukin-6 (IL-6) may play a pathogenetic role in postmenopausal bone loss and in other age-related pathological conditions. In this study, we have examined the age-related changes in the serum levels of IL-6 and the soluble receptors that modulate its biological activity--soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R) and soluble gp130(More)
The increase of osteoclast activation and formation is mainly involved in the development of the osteolytic bone lesions that characterize multiple myeloma (MM) patients. The mechanisms by which myeloma cells induce bone resorption have not been clear for many years. Recently, new evidence has elucidated which factors are critically involved in the(More)
The bone marrow microenvironment in multiple myeloma is characterized by an increased microvessel density. The production of pro-angiogenic molecules is increased and the production of angiogenic inhibitors is suppressed, leading to an “angiogenic switch”. Here we present an overview of the role of angiogenesis in multiple myeloma, the pro-angiogenic(More)