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The passage of mammalian cells through the restriction point into the S phase of the cell cycle is regulated by the activities of Cdk4 and Cdk6 complexed with the D-type cyclins and by cyclin E/Cdk2. The activities of these holoenzymes are constrained by CDK inhibitory proteins. The importance of the restriction point is illustrated by its deregulation in(More)
Executive summary Overview This report aims to provide an overview of donor support for development capacity building in Africa so as to inform IFORD and especially the Department for International Development (DFID)'s thinking about the value-added role they can respectively play in this environment, either as individual institutions or in partnership with(More)
BACKGROUND In a mammalian host, the cell surface of African trypanosomes is protected by a monolayer of a single variant surface glycoprotein (VSG). The VSG is central to antigenic variation; one VSG gene is expressed at any one time and there is a low frequency stochastic switch to expression of a different VSG gene. The genome of Trypanosoma brucei(More)
In the mammalian host, the Trypanosoma brucei cell surface is covered with a densely packed protein coat of a single protein, the variant surface glycoprotein (VSG). The VSG is believed to shield invariant surface proteins from host antibodies but there is limited information on how far antibodies can penetrate into the VSG monolayer. Here, the VSG surface(More)