Nicola G Johnston

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Patients with end-stage renal failure (ESRD) have an increased risk of premature cardiovascular (CV) disease. Left ventricular hypertrophy is an independent risk factor for CV events and death in ESRD. Renal transplantation has been associated with reduction in CV risk and echocardiographic regression of left ventricular(More)
1. Inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase (statins) reduce serum cholesterol and have proven benefits in the treatment of cardiovascular disease. However, recent work suggests that statins may exert immunosuppressive effects in isolated lymphocytes and in solid organ transplant recipients. Fluvastatin does not interfere with(More)
Cardiovascular disease is the principal cause of mortality in patients with renal failure. Left ventricular (LV) abnormalities are adverse prognostic indicators for cardiovascular outcome. The aim of this study was to use cardiac magnetic resonance scanning (CMR) to define LV functional abnormalities in haemodialysis (HD) patients and clarify the(More)
This report describes the presenting features, smoking history, diagnostic techniques and their yields, histological typing and tumor-node-metastases (TNM) staging for a cohort of 1024 Australian patients with primary lung cancer. It also includes survival data for the group as a whole and for subgroups of patients based on clinical stage, histology,(More)
Delay in transfer of patients with acute extradural (EDH) or subdural (SDH) haematoma to definitive neurosurgical evacuation has a detrimental effect on outcome. From July 2003 to December 2005 we undertook a prospective analysis of patients admitted to our unit for neurosurgical evacuation of their haematoma, who were transferred from non-neurosurgical(More)
Complex atrial anatomy continues to challenge transcatheter device closure of septal defects. Devices and technology continue to evolve. We report three cases from our institution where the new Gore Septal Occluder was utilized for the closure of a lateral tunnel fenestration, a moderate-sized secundum atrial septal defect and a long tunnel patent foramen(More)
BACKGROUND Arterial stiffness is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes, particularly in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). One mechanism linking arterial stiffness with cardiovascular events may be the changes in pressure wave reflection on ventricular ejection and coronary perfusion during diastole. We illustrate this using MRI to describe aortic(More)
An alternative hypothesis to abrasion and erosion for the pathogenesis of noncarious cervical lesions was put forward in 1984; the so-called occlusal theory suggested that tensile stresses from occlusal overload could be involved in the pathogenesis of noncarious cervical lesions and that bending stresses applied to teeth could cause disruption of the(More)