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Large-scale utilization of solar-energy resources will require considerable advances in energy-storage technologies to meet ever-increasing global energy demands. Other than liquid fuels, existing energy-storage materials do not provide the requisite combination of high energy density, high stability, easy handling, transportability and low cost. New hybrid… (More)
Carbon materials are excellent candidates for photovoltaic solar cells: they are Earth-abundant, possess high optical absorption, and maintain superior thermal and photostability. Here we report on solar cells with active layers made solely of carbon nanomaterials that present the same advantages of conjugated polymer-based solar cells, namely, solution… (More)
The evolution of the electronic absorption edge of type I, II and III kerogen is studied by diffuse reflectance UV–Visible absorption spectroscopy. The functional form of the electronic absorption edge for all kerogens measured is in excellent agreement with the ''Urbach tail'' phenomenology. The Urbach decay width extracted from the exponential fit within… (More)
Nanoporous silicon (NPSi) has received significant attention for its potential to contribute to a large number of applications, but has not yet been extensively implemented because of the inability of current state-of-the-art nanofabrication techniques to achieve sufficiently small pore size, high aspect ratio, and process scalability. In this work we… (More)
Rapid, non-destructive characterization of molecular level chemistry for organic matter (OM) is experimentally challenging. Raman spectroscopy is one of the most widely used techniques for non-destructive chemical characterization, although it currently does not provide detailed identification of molecular components in OM, due to the combination of… (More)
Disordered carbon materials, both amorphous and with long-range order, have been used in a variety of applications, from conductive additives and contact materials to transistors and photovoltaics. Here we show a flexible solution-based method of preparing thin films with tunable electrical properties from suspensions of ball-milled coals following… (More)
The current mechanism for defrosting automobile front windshields is using waste heat from the engine to heat the windshield via convection, an inefficient process taking up 30 minutes. A new de-icing system using a transparent thin film from a templated solar thermal fuel could rapidly de-ice a windshield using stored solar energy. As a step towards… (More)