Nicola Ferralis

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The early stages of epitaxial graphene layer growth on the Si-terminated 6H-SiC (0001) are investigated by Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) and depolarized Raman spectroscopy. The selection of the depolarized component of the scattered light results in a significant increase in the C-C bond signal over the second order SiC Raman signal, which allows us to(More)
We report results of the first computer simulation studies of a physically adsorbed gas on a quasicrystalline surface Xe on decagonal Al-Ni-Co. The grand canonical Monte Carlo method is employed, using a semiempirical gas-surface interaction, based on conventional combining rules, and the usual Lennard-Jones Xe-Xe interaction. The resulting adsorption(More)
Large-scale utilization of solar-energy resources will require considerable advances in energy-storage technologies to meet ever-increasing global energy demands. Other than liquid fuels, existing energy-storage materials do not provide the requisite combination of high energy density, high stability, easy handling, transportability and low cost. New hybrid(More)
Metal-catalyzed crystallization of amorphous carbon to graphene by thermal annealing is demonstrated. In this " limited source " process scheme, the thickness of the precipitated graphene is directly controlled by the thickness of the initial amorphous carbon layer. This is in contrast to chemical vapor deposition processes, where the carbon source is(More)
The evolution of the electronic absorption edge of type I, II and III kerogen is studied by diffuse reflectance UV–Visible absorption spectroscopy. The functional form of the electronic absorption edge for all kerogens measured is in excellent agreement with the ''Urbach tail'' phenomenology. The Urbach decay width extracted from the exponential fit within(More)
The spreading of a bilayer gold film propagating outward from gold clusters, which are pinned to clean Si(111), is imaged in real time by low-energy electron microscopy. By monitoring the evolution of the boundary of the gold film at fixed temperature, a linear dependence of the spreading radius on time is found. The measured spreading velocities in the(More)
We formulate, solve computationally and study experimentally the problem of collecting solar energy in three dimensions. We demonstrate that absorbers and reflectors can be combined in the absence of sun tracking to build three-dimensional photovoltaic (3DPV) structures that can generate measured energy densities (energy per base area, kWh/m 2) higher by a(More)