Nicola Cullen

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CD40 is present on B cells, monocytes, dendritic cells, and endothelial cells, as well as a variety of neoplastic cell types, including carcinomas. CD40 stimulation by an antibody has previously been demonstrated to induce activation-induced cell death in aggressive histology human B-cell lymphoma cell lines. Therefore, we wanted to assess the effects of a(More)
This study evaluates AngioJet thrombectomy of occluded autogenous dialysis fistulae and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) grafts in a UK hemodialysis population. Comparison is made with published data of alternative percutaneous thrombectomy methods. All patients with occluded dialysis fistulae who sought care at the Royal Liverpool University Hospital between(More)
Acetate is the primary breakdown product of ethanol metabolism in the liver and has been found in the brain following ethanol ingestion in rats. Systemically administered acetate has been shown to cause motor impairment, an effect which is blocked by the adenosine receptor blocker, 8-phenyltheophylline (8-PT). The effects of sodium acetate were investigated(More)
Tunneled hemodialysis catheters become essential in dialysis access when there is no possibility of using a functioning arteriovenous fistula. Collateral or occluded veins visible on ultrasound are used for puncture and passage of catheters into the central venous system. Chronically occluded veins are crossed with guidewires to allow dilatation and(More)
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