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We have investigated the photoprotective properties of induced pigmentation using erythema and epidermal DNA photodamage as endpoints. Previously unexposed buttock skin of 12 young, healthy adults (six skin type II and six skin type IV) was exposed daily (Monday to Friday) for 2 wk (days 1-12) with 0.65 minimal erythema dose of solar simulated radiation.(More)
Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) stimulates proliferation and differentiation in various epithelial systems. Three daily subcutaneous injections of 125 microg of this protein into mice induce dramatic changes in the histology and histometric measurements of the ventral tongue epithelium. The thickness of the epithelium is increased two-fold and the number(More)
Radiation kills or reduces reproductive capacity of proliferating cells, including stem cells. In the oral mucosae this can result in a decline in the number of cells in the tissue which, if severe enough, will result in the formation of an ulcer when the cellularity essentially reaches zero. We have used histometric measurements of cellularity following(More)
The oral mucosa is a rapidly replacing body tissue that has received relatively little attention in terms of defining its cell kinetics and cellular organization. The tissue is sensitive to the effects of cytotoxic agents, the consequence of which can be stem cell death with the subsequent development of ulcers and the symptoms of oral mucositis. There is(More)
Prediction of the behaviour of oral precancerous lesions (OPLs) is unreliable in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to analyse the efficacy of cell cyclin markers A and B1, and the proliferative marker Ki67, in predicting clinical outcome for patients with OPLs. A cohort of previously-treated patients with single OPLs were retrieved from the(More)
The dorsal and ventral epithelia on the murine tongue exhibit very pronounced circadian rhythms in terms of the cell cycle. These rhythms are such that three injections of tritiated thymidine 3 h apart spanning the circadian peak in S phase cells labelled between 40 and 50% of the basal cells. Injection of bromodeoxyuridine generally gave slightly lower(More)
Accurate, predictive assessment of the behaviour of oral cancers and precancers remains elusive. Increasing dysregulation of cell proliferation is a feature of carcinogenesis, and alterations in cyclin proteins regulating cell cycle progression are involved in enhanced cell proliferation. The authors of the present study have previously demonstrated(More)
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