Nicola Bortoletto

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The role of src-family tyrosine kinases in LPS-induced DC maturation has not been fully addressed. We show that LPS induces activation of c-Src and Lyn in human DC. Inhibition of these kinasesby PP1 uncoupled LPS-induced cytokine production from the up-regulation of costimulatory molecules, resulting in DC still capable of stimulating T cell proliferation(More)
Bispecific antibodies binding to the TCR/CD3 complex and to a tumor-associated surface molecule can be used to target cytotoxic T lymphocytes against tumor cells. We reasoned that high-affinity binding to CD3 may reduce the efficiency of T cell stimulation and target the bispecific reagent to T cells rather than to tumor cells in vivo. We therefore mutated(More)
Neurotransmitter release from synaptic vesicles is mediated by complex machinery, which includes the v- and t-SNAP receptors (SNAREs), vesicle-associated membrane protein (VAMP), synaptotagmin, syntaxin, and synaptosome-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25). They are essential for neurotransmitter exocytosis because they are the proteolytic substrates of(More)
Tetanus neurotoxin (TeNT) blocks neurotransmitter release by cleaving VAMP/synaptobrevin, a membrane associated protein involved in synaptic vesicle fusion. Such activity is exerted by the N-terminal 50kDa domain of TeNT which is a zinc-dependent endopeptidase (TeNT-L-chain). Based on the three-dimensional structure of botulinum neurotoxin serotype A(More)
Botulinum neurotoxins type A and E (BoNT/A and /E) are metalloproteases with a unique specificity for SNAP-25 (synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kDa), an essential protein component of the neuroexocytotic machinery. It was proposed that this specificity is based on the recognition of a nine-residue sequence, termed SNARE motif, which is common to the(More)
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