Nicola Borbone

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Laurus nobilis L. leaves are widely used in cooking and in folk medicine. Five new megastigmane glucosides (2-4, 7, and 9) named laurosides A-E and a new phenolic glucoside 12 were isolated from the methanolic extract of L. nobilis L. leaves, along with 10 known components: megastigmane (5), megastigmane glucosides (1, 6, 8, 10, and 11), aromatic compounds(More)
In recent years considerable attention has been given to the use of natural substances as anticancer drugs. The natural antioxidant dipeptide L-carnosine belongs to this class of molecules because it has been proved to have a significant anticancer activity both in vitro and in vivo. Previous studies have shown that L-carnosine inhibits the proliferation of(More)
An investigation of the polar extracts from two starfish, Luidia quinaria and Psilaster cassiope, led to the isolation of five sulfated "asterosaponins". Two of them, named luidiaquinoside (1) and psilasteroside (2), are new compounds. Luidiaquinoside (1) contains a novel pentasaccharide chain composed of d-glucose, d-quinovose, and d-fucose, with the(More)
This communication reports on the synthesis and biophysical, biological and SAR studies of a small library of new anti-HIV aptamers based on the tetra-end-linked G-quadruplex structure. The new aptamers showed EC(50) values against HIV-1 in the range of 0.04-0.15 μM as well as affinities for the HIV-1 gp120 envelope in the same order of magnitude.
A new modified acyclic nucleoside, namely N(1)-(3-hydroxy-2-hydroxymethyl-2-methylpropyl)-thymidine, was synthesized and transformed into a building block useful for oligonucleotide (ON) automated synthesis. A series of modified thrombin binding aptamers (TBAs) in which the new acyclic nucleoside replaces, one at the time, the thymidine residues were then(More)
The binding properties of a series of known G-quadruplex ligands have been studied by ESI-MS experiments. The tetramolecular (TG(4)T)(4) quadruplex and its analogues I and II blocked, respectively, at the 3' or 5'-end by a tetra-end-linker (TEL) unit were chosen as the ligands targets. The stoichiometries of the obtained complexes as well as the ligand(More)
Computational techniques, and in particular molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, have been successfully used as a complementary technique to predict and analyse the structural behaviour of nucleic acids, including peptide nucleic acid- (PNA-) RNA hybrids. This study shows that a 7-base long PNA complementary to the seed region of miR-509-3p, one of the(More)
Four new acyclic diterpene glycosides named capsianosides (1-4), together with 12 known compounds, were isolated from the fresh sweet pepper fruits of Capsicum annuum L., a plant used as a vegetable food, spice, and external medicine. The chemical structures of new natural compounds, as well as their absolute configurations, were established by means of(More)
Two new metabolites 5alphaH,7alphaH-eudesman-4alpha,6alpha,11,12-tetraol (1) and 1beta,15-dihydroxy-5alphaH,7alphaH-eudesma-3,11(13)-dien-12,6alpha-olide ( 2) have been isolated from the methanolic extract of Laurus nobilis L. leaves. Their structures were determined through analysis of their one- and two-dimensional NMR spectral data ((1)H- and (13)C-NMR,(More)