Nicolás Tobar

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In carcinomas such as those of breast, pancreas, stomach, and colon, cancer cells support the expansion of molecular and cellular stroma in a phenomenon termed desmoplasia, which is characterized by a strong fibrotic response. In the case of breast tissue, in which stroma is mainly a fatty tissue, this response presumably occurs at the expense of the(More)
In the present study, we demonstrated that changes in Rac1 activity associated with the production of intracellular ROS modulate the migratory properties in MCF-7 and T47D human mammary cell lines. We also described that the NFkappaB pathway exerts a downstream control on the expression of the ROS-dependent cellular migratory potential. These results(More)
In this study, we demonstrated that tyrosine phosphorylation of EGFR and the autocrine expression of uPA and HB-EGF depend on the activity of c-jun amino-terminal kinase (JNK) in human prostatic DU-145 cells. These cells overexpress EGFR and produce a high amount of uPA. Treatment with either SP600125, a specific chemical inhibitor of JNK, or the expression(More)
BACKGROUND The influence of the stromal microenvironment on the progression of epithelial cancers has been demonstrated. Unravelling the mechanisms by which stromal cells affect epithelial behaviour will contribute in understanding cellular malignancy. It has been proposed that redox environment has a role in the acquisition of malignancy. In this work, we(More)
Hard consistency, developed under the influence of tumor cell factors, is a characteristic feature of a breast tumor. Activation of resident fibroblasts leading to a myofibroblast phenotype is the principal feature that orchestrates this fibrotic process. The aim of this study was to assess the effects induced by TGF-β1, a growth factor abundantly present(More)
TGF-β1 has been postulated as a pro-oncogenic factor in the late step of the tumoral progression. In transformed cells, TGF-β1 enhances the capacity to degrade the extracellular matrix, cell invasiveness and epithelial-mesenchymal transition, which are crucial steps for metastasis. Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and matrix metalloproteinase-9(More)
The proinflammatory status of adipose tissue has been linked to the metabolic and cardiovascular consequences of obesity. Human adipose cells express the calcium sensing receptor (CaSR), and its expression is elevated in inflammatory states, such as that associated with obesity. Given the CaSR's association with inflammation in other tissues, we evaluated(More)
Obesity-associated health complications are thought to be in part due to the low-grade proinflammatory state that characterizes this disease. The calcium sensing receptor (CaSR), which is expressed in human adipose cells, plays an important role in diseases involving inflammation. To assess the relevance of this protein in adipose pathophysiology, we(More)
BACKGROUND Fibroblasts play a critical role during wound healing and chronic inflammation through the synthesis and assembly of extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules. These responses may be modulated by soluble cytokines and growth factors present in tissues. In the present study, we evaluate whether transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and tumor necrosis(More)
Chitosan is a naturally derived polymer with antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. However, studies evaluating the role of chitosan in the control of periodontal pathogens and the responses of fibroblasts to inflammatory stimuli are lacking. In the present study, we analyzed whether chitosan particles may inhibit the growth of periodontal(More)