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This paper provides the first evidence that freshwater turtles are able to reconnect their completely transected spinal cords, leading to some degree of recovery of the motor functions lost after injury. Videographic analysis showed that some turtles (5 of 11) surviving more than 20 days after injury were able to initiate stepping locomotion. However, the(More)
During spinal cord development, progenitors in the neural tube are arranged within spatial domains that generate specific cell types. The ependyma of the postnatal spinal cord seems to retain cells with properties of the primitive neural stem cells, some of which are able to react to injury with active proliferation. However, the functional complexity and(More)
The region that surrounds the central canal of the spinal cord derives from the neural tube and retains a substantial degree of plasticity. In turtles, this region is a neurogenic niche where newborn neurons coexist with precursors, a fact that may be related with the endogenous repair capabilities of low vertebrates. Immunohistochemical evidence suggests(More)
The ependyma of the spinal cord harbours stem cells which are activated by traumatic spinal cord injury. Progenitor-like cells in the central canal (CC) are organized in spatial domains. The cells lining the lateral aspects combine characteristics of ependymocytes and radial glia (RG) whereas in the dorsal and ventral poles, CC-contacting cells have the(More)
The ependymal layer is a preserved structure across vertebrates but its functional significance remains poorly understood. Modern studies emphasize the role played by radial glia (RG) as neurogenic progenitors. We speculated that the cells lining the prosencephalon ventricles of freshwater turtles may have retained key features of RG. To test this idea, we(More)
In this paper, the general lines of a procedure designed for the decoupling of a multivariable plant, the Gran Telescopio Canarias's primary mirror, is presented. This procedure consists of an appropriate change in the system eigenvectors. This has a great significance from the system active control point of view since it converts the problem of designing a(More)
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