Nico P Dantuma

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The ubiquitin/proteasome-dependent proteolytic pathway is an attractive target for therapeutics because of its critical involvement in cell cycle progression and antigen presentation. However, dissection of the pathway and development of modulators are hampered by the complexity of the system and the lack of easily detectable authentic substrates. We have(More)
Heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1) family members are chromatin-associated proteins involved in transcription, replication, and chromatin organization. We show that HP1 isoforms HP1-alpha, HP1-beta, and HP1-gamma are recruited to ultraviolet (UV)-induced DNA damage and double-strand breaks (DSBs) in human cells. This response to DNA damage requires the chromo(More)
The accumulation of the human tumor suppressor 53BP1 at DNA damage sites requires the ubiquitin ligases RNF8 and RNF168. As 53BP1 recognizes dimethylated Lys20 in histone H4 (H4K20me2), the requirement for RNF8- and RNF168-mediated ubiquitylation has been unclear. Here we show that RNF8-mediated ubiquitylation facilitates the recruitment of the AAA-ATPase(More)
The mechanism of cell death in prion disease is unknown but is associated with the production of a misfolded conformer of the prion protein. We report that disease-associated prion protein specifically inhibits the proteolytic beta subunits of the 26S proteasome. Using reporter substrates, fluorogenic peptides, and an activity probe for the beta subunits,(More)
The presence of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and impaired ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) activity has been independently implicated in the pathophysiology of conformational diseases. Here, we reveal a link between ER stress and the functionality of the UPS. Treatment of cells with different ER stressors delayed the degradation of an ER reporter(More)
A protein that exemplifies the intimate link between the ubiquitin/proteasome system (UPS) and DNA repair is the yeast nucleotide excision repair (NER) protein Rad23 and its human orthologs hHR23A and hHR23B. Rad23, which was originally identified as an important factor involved in the recognition of DNA lesions, also plays a central role in targeting(More)
VCP (VCP/p97) is a ubiquitously expressed member of the AAA(+)-ATPase family of chaperone-like proteins that regulates numerous cellular processes including chromatin decondensation, homotypic membrane fusion and ubiquitin-dependent protein degradation by the proteasome. Mutations in VCP cause a multisystem degenerative disease consisting of inclusion body(More)
Chromatin modifications are an important component of the of DNA damage response (DDR) network that safeguard genomic integrity. Recently, we demonstrated nucleotide excision repair (NER)-dependent histone H2A ubiquitination at sites of ultraviolet (UV)-induced DNA damage. In this study, we show a sustained H2A ubiquitination at damaged DNA, which requires(More)
A novel member of the low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor family was identified, which is expressed in locust oocytes, fat body, brain, and midgut. This receptor appeared to be a homolog of the mammalian very low density lipoprotein receptor as it contains eight cysteine-rich repeats in its putative ligand-binding domain. When transiently expressed in(More)
Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is the principal pathway that removes helix-distorting deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage from the mammalian genome. Recognition of DNA lesions by xeroderma pigmentosum group C (XPC) protein in chromatin is stimulated by the damaged DNA-binding protein 2 (DDB2), which is part of a CUL4A-RING ubiquitin ligase (CRL4) complex.(More)