How do protons and neutrons bind to form nuclei? This is the central question of ab initio nuclear structure theory. While the answer may seem as simple as the fact that nuclear forces are attractive, the full story is more complex and interesting. In this work we present numerical evidence from ab initio lattice simulations showing that nature is near a… (More)

The temperature dependence of the real part of the microwave complex conductivity at 17.9 GHz obtained from surface impedance measurements of two c-axis oriented MgB2 thin films reveals a pronounced maximum at a temperature around 0.6 times the critical temperature. Calculations in the frame of a two-band model based on Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS)… (More)

Certifying entanglement of a multipartite state is generally considered a demanding task. Since an N qubit state is parametrized by 4^{N}-1 real numbers, one might naively expect that the measurement effort of generic entanglement detection also scales exponentially with N. Here, we introduce a general scheme to construct efficient witnesses requiring a… (More)

The statistical nature of measurements alone easily causes unphysical estimates in quantum state tomography (QST). Multinomial or Poissonian noise results in eigenvalue distributions converging to the Wigner semicircle distribution for already a modest number of qubits [1], see Fig. 1a). This enables one to estimate the influence of finite statistics to QST… (More)