Nicky Thomas

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  • Nicky Thomas
  • Nursing standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great…
  • 1993
Patient controlled analgesia (PCA) is a technique which allows patients to self administer small bolus doses of opioids intravenously. It has been shown to be of real value in the more precise control of postoperative pain ( 1 , 2 , 3 ). Although PCA has been used extensively throughout the United States, in the United Kingdom it has been used primarily for(More)
1. Preliminary studies are reported on 8 patients with lung disease given prednisone both with and without potassium supplements. 2. There were no abnormalities of plasma potassium but there was a relationship between the dose of prednisone and the urinary excretion of potassium whilst off supplements: higher doses were associated with increased potassium(More)
  • Nicky Thomas
  • Nursing standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great…
  • 1993
In the United Kingdom, patient controlled analgesia (PCA) has been used primarily as a research tool and its place in the treatment of postoperative pain is only slowly being established. The concept of patients being able to control their own pain relief is therefore new to staff and patients. In this study, a small part of a larger study concerned with(More)
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