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Tunneling nanotubes (TNTs) are recently discovered conduits for a previously unrecognized form of cell-to-cell communication. These nanoscale, F-actin-containing membrane tubes connect cells over long distances and facilitate the intercellular exchange of small molecules and organelles. Using optical membrane-potential measurements combined with mechanical(More)
This work presents a unified framework for whole cell segmentation of surface stained living cells from 3-D data sets of fluorescent images. Every step of the process is described, image acquisition, prefiltering, ridge enhancement, cell segmentation, and a segmentation evaluation. The segmentation results from two different automated approaches for(More)
Despite the well-documented cooperation between neurons and astrocytes little is known as to how these interactions are initiated. We show here by differential interference contrast microscopy that immature hippocampal neurons generated short protrusions towards astrocytes resulting in tunneling nanotube (TNT) formation with an average lifetime of 15(More)
Multicellular organisms comprise an organized array of individual cells surrounded by a meshwork of biomolecules and fluids. Cells have evolved various ways to communicate with each other, so that they can exchange information and thus fulfil their specified and unique functions. At the same time, cells are also physical entities that are subjected to a(More)
In this paper a marker-controlled and regularized watershed segmentation is proposed. Only a few previous studies address the task of regularizing the obtained watershed lines from the traditional marker-controlled watershed segmentation. In the present formulation, the to-pographical distance function is applied in a level set formulation to perform the(More)
The biogenesis, maturation, and exocytosis of secretory granules in interphase cells have been well documented, whereas the distribution and exocytosis of these hormone-storing organelles during cell division have received little attention. By combining ultrastructural analyses and time-lapse microscopy, we here show that, in dividing PC12 cells, the(More)
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