Nickolay V. Bukoreshtliev

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Tunneling nanotubes (TNTs) are recently discovered conduits for a previously unrecognized form of cell-to-cell communication. These nanoscale, F-actin-containing membrane tubes connect cells over long distances and facilitate the intercellular exchange of small molecules and organelles. Using optical membrane-potential measurements combined with mechanical(More)
Organelle exchange between cells via tunneling nanotubes (TNTs) is a recently described form of intercellular communication. Here, we show that the selective elimination of filopodia from PC12 cells by 350 nM cytochalasin B (CytoB) blocks TNT formation but has only a weak effect on the stability of existing TNTs. Under these conditions the intercellular(More)
Recently, highly sensitive nanotubular structures mediating membrane continuity between mammalian cells have been discovered. With respect to their peculiar architecture, these membrane channels were termed tunneling nanotubes (TNTs). TNTs could form de novo between animal cells leading to the generation of complex cellular networks. They have been shown to(More)
Tunneling nanotube (TNT)-like structures are intercellular membranous bridges that mediate the transfer of various cellular components including endocytic organelles. To gain further insight into the magnitude and mechanism of organelle transfer, we performed quantitative studies on the exchange of fluorescently labeled endocytic structures between normal(More)
Multicellular organisms comprise an organized array of individual cells surrounded by a meshwork of biomolecules and fluids. Cells have evolved various ways to communicate with each other, so that they can exchange information and thus fulfil their specified and unique functions. At the same time, cells are also physical entities that are subjected to a(More)
Despite the well-documented cooperation between neurons and astrocytes little is known as to how these interactions are initiated. We show here by differential interference contrast microscopy that immature hippocampal neurons generated short protrusions towards astrocytes resulting in tunneling nanotube (TNT) formation with an average lifetime of 15(More)
This work presents a unified framework for whole cell segmentation of surface stained living cells from 3-D data sets of fluorescent images. Every step of the process is described, image acquisition, prefiltering, ridge enhancement, cell segmentation, and a segmentation evaluation. The segmentation results from two different automated approaches for(More)
In this paper a marker-controlled and regularized watershed segmentation is proposed. Only a few previous studies address the task of regularizing the obtained watershed lines from the traditional markercontrolled watershed segmentation. In the present formulation, the topographical distance function is applied in a level set formulation to perform the(More)
It emerges that myosin Va plays multiple roles in the trafficking of SGs (secretory granules). In addition to a function in the capture and transport of newly formed SGs in the F-actin-rich cortex, myosin Va is implicated in late transport events of these organelles, which precede their exocytosis. Consistent with these roles, interactions of myosin Va with(More)
The biogenesis, maturation, and exocytosis of secretory granules in interphase cells have been well documented, whereas the distribution and exocytosis of these hormone-storing organelles during cell division have received little attention. By combining ultrastructural analyses and time-lapse microscopy, we here show that, in dividing PC12 cells, the(More)