Nickolay I. Hristov

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We propose statistical data association techniques for visual tracking of enormously large numbers of objects. We do not assume any prior knowledge about the numbers involved , and the objects may appear or disappear anywhere in the image frame and at any time in the sequence. Our approach combines the techniques of multitarget track initiation , recursive(More)
We propose a multi-object multi-camera framework for tracking large numbers of tightly-spaced objects that rapidly move in three dimensions. We formulate the problem of finding correspondences across multiple views as a multidimensional assignment problem and use a greedy randomized adaptive search procedure to solve this NP-hard problem efficiently. To(More)
We developed two methods for tracking multiple objects using several camera views. The methods use the Multiple Hypothesis Tracking (MHT) framework to solve both the across-view data association problem (i.e., finding object correspondences across several views) and the across-time data association problem (i.e., the assignment of current object(More)
Using data collected with thermal imaging technology, we found a major reduction in population estimates of colony size in the Brazilian free-tailed bat (Tadarida brasiliensis) from 54 million, obtained in 1957 without this technology, to 4 million in 6 major cave colonies in the southwestern United States. The 1957 census was based on human visual(More)
The Brazilian free-tailed bat, Tadarida brasiliensis, roosts in very large colonies, consisting of hundreds of thousands of individuals. Each night, bats emerge from their day roosts in dense columns in a highly coordinated manner. We recorded short segments of an emergence using three spatially-calibrated and temporally-synchronized thermal infrared(More)
The night sky remains a largely unexplored frontier for biologists studying the behavior and physiology of free-ranging, nocturnal organisms. Conventional imaging tools and techniques such as night-vision scopes, infrared-reflectance cameras, flash cameras, and radar provide insufficient detail for the scale and resolution demanded by field researchers. A(More)
The night sky is the venue for an ancient arms race. Insectivorous bats with their ultrasonic sonar exert an enormous selective pressure on nocturnal insects. In response insects have evolved the ability to hear bat cries, to evade their hunting maneuvers, and some, the tiger moths (Arctiidae), to utter an ultrasonic reply. We here determine what it is that(More)
The tiger moth Bertholdia trigona is the only animal in nature known to defend itself by jamming the sonar of its predators - bats. In this study we analyzed the three-dimensional flight paths and echolocation behavior of big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus) attacking B. trigona in a flight room over seven consecutive nights to determine the acoustic mechanism(More)
Brazilian free-tailed bats (Tadarida brasiliensis) emerge from cave roosts in dense columns in which adjacent bats are separated by only small distances. We describe and quantify variation in the structure of echolocation calls produced by these emerging bats and determine if call structure changes in relation to the rate of emergence measured using thermal(More)
We compare kinematics and wake structure over a range of flight speeds (4.0-8.2 m s(-1)) for two bats that pursue insect prey aerially, Tadarida brasiliensis and Myotis velifer Body mass and wingspan are similar in these species, but M. velifer has broader wings and lower wing loading. By using high-speed videography and particle image velocimetry of steady(More)