Nickolai A. Tchurikov

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Some RNases selectively attack malignant cells, triggering an apoptotic response, and therefore are considered as alternative chemotherapeutic drugs. Here we studied the effects of Bacillus intermedius RNase (binase) on murine myeloid progenitor cells FDC-P1; transduced FDC-P1 cells ectopically expressing mutated human KIT N822K oncogene and/or human(More)
Cytotoxic exogenous RNases triggering apoptotic response in malignant cells have potential as anticancer drugs; surprisingly, detailed characterization of the RNase-induced apoptosis has not been conducted so far. Here we show that a cytotoxic RNase from Bacillus intermedius (binase) induces extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic pathways in leukemic Kasumi-1(More)
Bacterial RNases are promising tools for the development of anticancer drugs. Neoplastic transformation leads to enhanced accumulation of rRNA and tRNA, and altered expression of regulatory noncoding RNAs. Cleavage of RNA in cancer cells is the main reason for the cytotoxic effects of exogenic RNases. We have shown that binase, a cytotoxic ribonuclease from(More)
The properties of Dm 225 DNA, a fragment of D.melanogaster genome 2.9 kb in length excised by EcoRI endonuclease and cloned in the lambda gt phage or pMB9 plasmid, are described. The DNA hybridizes to a significant portion (0.8%) of total polysomal poly(A)(+)RNA (mRNA). The size of the hybridizing mRNA is about 2.3 kb (19S); it is present in the fraction of(More)
Uncovering the nature of communication between enhancers, promoters and insulators is important for understanding the fundamental mechanisms that ensure appropriate gene expression levels. Here we describe an approach employing transient expression of genetic luciferase reporter gene constructs with quantitative RT-PCR analysis of transcription between an(More)
We have cloned from the Oregon R strain of Drosophila melanogaster a 240 kb segment of DNA that contains the cut (ct) locus, and characterized the region for the presence of repetitive elements. Within this region at least five copies of the suffix element were detected, as well as several putatively novel mobile elements. A number of mutations obtained(More)
Based on both the occurrence of families of DNA sequences complementary in the same direction in different genomes and the physical possibility of DNA forming a parallel double helix, we postulate an unusual enzymatic synthesis of parallel DNA on a DNA template from its 5'-end. We discuss the assumed evolutionary aspects of this problem and suggest ways to(More)
Gene-specific silencing refers to a phenomenon in which expression of an individual gene can be specifically repressed by different mechanisms on the levels of transcription, RNA splicing, transport, degradation in nuclei or cytoplasm, or blocking of translation. In different species gene-specific silencing was observed by expression or injections of(More)
DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are involved in many cellular mechanisms, including replication, transcription, and genome rearrangements. The recent observation that hot spots of DSBs in human chromosomes delimit DNA domains that possess coordinately expressed genes suggests a strong relationship between the organization of transcription patterns and hot(More)
We have used pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of undigested DNA prepared by cell lysis in agarose with proteinase K detergent treatment and found a resolvable DNA fraction, denoted forum DNA (f-DNA). By changing the pulsed-field gel pulse length from 25 to 4500 sec, to obtain optimal separation in different ranges, we have found f-DNA to occupy a rather(More)