Nicki J. Engeseth

Learn More
A cDNA clone was obtained from Arabidopsis thaliana that encodes a protein containing 92 amino acid residues with high sequence identity (57%) to bovine acyl-CoA-binding protein (ACBP). The coding sequence of this clone was expressed in Escherichia coli and the gene product (10.4 kDa) was purified. The recombinant A. thaliana ACBP (rAthACBP) was shown to(More)
Little is known about the individual components of honey that are responsible for its antioxidant activity. The present study was carried out to characterize the phenolics and other antioxidants present in honeys from seven floral sources. Chromatograms of the phenolic nonpolar fraction of the honeys indicated that most honeys have similar but(More)
Honeys from seven different floral sources were analyzed for in vitro antioxidant capacity and total phenolic content. Antioxidant capacity was measured by the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assay and by monitoring the formation of conjugated dienes as an index of the inhibition of copper-catalyzed serum lipoprotein oxidation. ORAC values ranged(More)
Acyl carrier protein (ACP) is a small (9 kD) acidic protein that is an essential cofactor in plant fatty acid biosynthesis. Most plants have several isoforms of ACP, some of which are expressed constitutively and others that appear to be more tissue specific. Although the critical role of ACP in fatty acid biosynthesis has been established, the role of the(More)
Arabidopsis plants were transformed with acyl carrier protein (ACP)-4 in antisense conformation driven by the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter. It was hypothesized that reduction of ACP4 in leaf tissue would result in a reduction in lipid biosynthesis and, in addition, affect fatty acid composition and leaf physiology. Several transgenic lines have(More)
Lipid oxidation is a major deteriorative factor in meats. Sources of natural antioxidants that are as effective as commercially available antioxidants are desired. The objective of this research was to investigate honey as an inhibitor of lipid oxidation in ground poultry. The antioxidant content of different varieties of honey was investigated(More)
Three model systems were designed to monitor the oxidative stability of cholesterol in different lipid environments. The cholesterol moiety of cholesteryl linoleate oxidized to a greater extent than that of cholesteryl stearate and free cholesterol. Cholesterol oxidized when dispersed with either phosphatidyl choline or adipose tissue, further demonstrating(More)
Honeys from different floral sources were evaluated for their antioxidant content and for their ability to inhibit enzymatic browning in fruits and vegetables. Antioxidant contents of honeys vary widely from different floral sources, as do their abilities to protect against enzymatic browning. Polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity was reduced over a range of(More)
Honey has been known to exert significant in vitro antioxidant activity, in part due to its phenolic content. However, conclusions that the antioxidants in honey are or are not efficacious in the human body cannot be reached if its antioxidant action is not assessed as part of a human study. In the present study, the acute effect of consumption of 500 mL of(More)
Developmental bisphenol A (BPA) exposure increases adulthood hepatic steatosis with reduced mitochondrial function. To investigate the potential epigenetic mechanisms behind developmental BPA-induced hepatic steatosis, pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were dosed with vehicle (oil) or BPA (100μg/kg/day) from gestational day 6 until postnatal day (PND) 21. After(More)