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BACKGROUND Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia (HSP) is a devastating neurological disease causing spastic weakness of the lower extremities and eventual axonal degeneration. Over 20 genes have been linked to HSP in humans; however, mutations in one gene, spastin (SPG4), are the cause of >40% of all cases. Spastin is a member of the ATPases associated with(More)
BACKGROUND The ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) mediates regulated protein degradation and provides a mechanism for closely controlling protein abundance in spatially restricted domains within cells. We hypothesized that the UPS may acutely determine the local concentration of key regulatory proteins at neuronal synapses as a means for locally modulating(More)
The sec6/8, or exocyst, complex is implicated in trafficking of secretory vesicles to fusion sites in the plasma membrane. Genetic analyses have been done primarily in yeast, where mutation of the eight protein subunits similarly disrupts polarized vesicle fusion. The goal of this study was to assay the sec6/8 complex in Drosophila, and specifically to test(More)
Stress-sensitive mutants in Drosophila have been shown to exhibit activity-dependent defects in neurotransmission. Using the neuromuscular junction (NMJ), this study investigates synaptic function more specifically in two stress-sensitive mutants: stress-sensitive B (sesB), which encodes a mitochondrial ADP/ATP translocase (ANT); and Atpalpha(2206), a(More)
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