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More than thirty small guanine nucleotide-binding proteins related to the ras-encoded oncoprotein, termed Ras or p21ras, are known. They regulate many fundamental processes in all eukaryotic cells, such as growth, vesicle traffic and cytoskeletal organization. GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs) accelerate the intrinsic rate of GTP hydrolysis of Ras-related(More)
Each of six peptides derived from the human epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor very closely matches a part of the deduced sequence of the v-erb-B transforming protein of avian erythroblastosis virus (AEV). In all, the peptides contain 83 amino acid residues, 74 of which are shared with v-erb-B. The AEV progenitor may have acquired the cellular gene(More)
Professional phagocytes, such as neutrophils and monocytes, have an NADPH oxidase that generates superoxide and other reduced oxygen species important in killing microorganisms. Several components of the oxidase complex have been identified as targets of genetic defects causing chronic granulomatous disease. The complex consists of an electron transport(More)
Hereditary non-neuropathic systemic amyloidosis (Ostertag-type) is a rare autosomal dominant disease in which amyloid deposition in the viscera is usually fatal by the fifth decade. In some families it is caused by mutations in the apolipoprotein AI gene but in two unrelated English families under our care the amyloid deposits did not contain apoAI, despite(More)
We have defined the structure of the Osteoclast Functional Antigen (OFA) by immunological and biochemical means. OFA is an abundant surface antigen in human and animal osteoclasts and has been characterized previously by monoclonal antibodies 13C2 and 23C6, one of which mimicks the inhibitory activity of calcitonin on osteoclastic bone resorption. By the(More)
Affinity-purified bovine brain phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-kinase) contains two major proteins of 85 and 110 kd. Amino acid sequence analysis and cDNA cloning reveals two related 85 kd proteins (p85 alpha and p85 beta), which both contain one SH3 and two SH2 regions (src homology regions). When expressed, these 85 kd proteins bind to and are(More)
  • P J Parker, L Coussens, N Totty, L Rhee, S Young, E Chen +3 others
  • 1986
Protein kinase C, the major phorbol ester receptor, was purified from bovine brain and through the use of oligonucleotide probes based on partial amino acid sequence, complementary DNA clones were derived from bovine brain complementary DNA libraries. Thus, the complete amino acid sequence of bovine protein kinase C was determined, revealing a domain(More)
  • G C Fox, M Shafiq, D C Briggs, P P Knowles, M Collister, M J Didmon +7 others
  • 2007
Reactive oxygen species trigger cellular responses by activation of stress-responsive mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling pathways. Reversal of MAPK activation requires the transcriptional induction of specialized cysteine-based phosphatases that mediate MAPK dephosphorylation. Paradoxically, oxidative stresses generally inactivate(More)
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare inherited disorder associated with a profound predisposition to infection due to the lack of a microbicidal oxidase system in the phagocytes of these patients. This syndrome is most commonly inherited through a defect on the X chromosome and the only clearly defined component of the oxidase system, the very(More)
Protein sequence analysis of a bovine brain phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC; PLC-154) has permitted the isolation of a cDNA that appears to code for this protein. Transient expression of this cDNA in COS-1 cells demonstrates that the cDNA encodes a functional phospholipase C that migrates at approximately 150,000 daltons. A transcript of(More)