Nick Saunders

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Polyphasic methods were used to examine the taxonomic positions of three newly identified Grahamella species. A comparison of the 16S rRNA gene sequences of these organisms with the sequences available for other bacteria revealed that these three species form a tight monophyletic cluster with members of the genus Bartonella. This cluster is only remotely(More)
A restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) typing method for Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 was developed. The method depended upon the use of cloned EcoR1 fragments from L. pneumophila (Knoxville-1) probing Nci1 restriction fragments of chromosomal DNA. Examination of strains of L. pneumophila which were apparently unrelated showed that(More)
A LightCycler-based PCR-hybridization gyrA mutation assay (GAMA) was developed to rapidly detect gyrA point mutations in multiresistant (MR) Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium DT104 with decreased susceptibility to ciprofloxacin (MIC, 0.25 to 1.0 mg/liter). Ninety-two isolates (49 human, 43 animal) were tested with three individual oligonucleotide(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from 167 patients attending three London hospitals were analyzed by two techniques for strain differentiation. A significant number of isolates that appeared identical with the recently developed spoligotyping system could be distinguished from each other by IS6110 restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis, with(More)
DNA coding for the 16S rRNA of an intracellular bacterium was directly amplified from lysed cells of a host amoebae using the polymerase chain reaction and primers specific for eubacteria. The amoebae had been used to recover an uncultured bacterium observed in the sputum of a patient with pneumonia. The amplified DNA was sequenced directly and compared(More)
Quantification of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA in serum is important for monitoring treatment. A rapid and cost effective alternative to the methods available currently was developed based on a real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) done in the LightCycler apparatus. Primers and a probe for sequences of the surface gene of HBV were designed(More)
Unlike classical end-point analysis PCR, real-time PCR provides the data required for quantification of the target nucleic acid. The results can be expressed in absolute terms by reference to external quantified standards or in relative terms compared to another target sequence present within the sample. Absolute quantification requires that the efficiency(More)
The cellular and molecular microenvironment of epithelial stem and progenitor cells is poorly characterized despite well-documented roles in homeostatic tissue renewal, wound healing, and cancer progression. Here, we demonstrate that, in organotypic cocultures, dermal pericytes substantially enhanced the intrinsically low tissue-regenerative capacity of(More)
The 16S ribosomal RNA sequences of Legionella pneumophila, L. erythra, L. hackeliae, L. spiritensis, L. longbeachae, L. bozemanii (Fluoribacter bozemanae) and L. micdadei (Tatlockia micdadei) were determined using reverse transcriptase. The sequences were compared with published sequences for Gram-negative bacteria and phylogenetic trees were constructed.(More)
Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs), mainly caused by dinoflagellates and diatoms, have great economic and sanitary implications. An important contribution for the comprehension of HAB phenomena and for the identification of risks related to toxic algal species is given by the monitoring programs. In the microscopy-based monitoring methods, harmful species are(More)