Learn More
Among glycosaminoglycan (GAG) biosynthetic enzymes, the human β1,4-galactosyltransferase 7 (hβ4GalT7) is characterized by its unique capacity to take over xyloside derivatives linked to a hydrophobic aglycone as substrates and/or inhibitors. This glycosyltransferase is thus a prime target for the development of regulators of GAG synthesis in therapeutics.(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 nucleocapsid protein (NCp7) plays an important role in the second strand transfer during reverse transcription. It promotes annealing of the 18-nucleotide complementary DNA primer-binding site (PBS) sequences at the 3' ends of (-)DNA and (+)DNA. NMR studies show that NCp7(12-55) and NCp7(1-55) interact at the 5' end(More)
Retinoic acid receptors (RARs) and Retinoid X nuclear receptors (RXRs) are ligand-dependent transcriptional modulators that execute their biological action through the generation of functional heterodimers. RXR acts as an obligate dimer partner in many signalling pathways, gene regulation by rexinoids depending on the liganded state of the specific(More)
Glycosaminoglycan (GAG) assembly initiates through the formation of a linkage tetrasaccharide region serving as a primer for both chondroitin sulfate (CS) and heparan sulfate (HS) chain polymerization. A possible role for sulfation of the linkage structure and of the constitutive disaccharide unit of CS chains in the regulation of CS-GAG chain synthesis has(More)
UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) form a multigenic family of membrane-bound enzymes expressed in various tissues, including brain. They catalyze the formation of β-D-glucuronides from structurally unrelated substances (drugs, other xenobiotics, as well as endogenous compounds) by the linkage of glucuronic acid from the high energy donor,(More)
Synthesis of the HIV-1 viral DNA by reverse transcriptase involves two obligatory strand transfer reactions. The second strand transfer corresponds to the annealing of the (-) and (+) DNA copies of the primer binding site (PBS) sequence which is chaperoned by the nucleocapsid protein (NCp7). NCp7 modifies the (+)/(-)PBS annealing mechanism by activating a(More)
Conversion of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) genomic RNA into the proviral DNA by reverse transcriptase involves two obligatory strand transfers that are chaperoned by the nucleocapsid protein (NC). The second strand transfer relies on the annealing of the (-) and (+) copies of the primer binding site, (-)PBS and (+) PBS, which fold into(More)
The chaperone properties of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) nucleocapsid protein (NC) are required for the two obligatory strand transfer reactions occurring during viral DNA synthesis. The second strand transfer relies on the destabilization and the subsequent annealing of the primer binding site sequences (PBS) at the 3' end of the (-) and(More)
We report here the synthesis and the spectroscopic characterization of 8-vinyl-deoxyadenosine (8vdA), a new fluorescent analog of deoxyadenosine. 8vdA was found to absorb and emit in the same wavelength range as 2'-deoxyribosyl-2-aminopurine (2AP), the most frequently used fluorescent nucleoside analog. Though the quantum yield of 8vdA is similar to that of(More)
Heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycan chains are key components of the breast tumor microenvironment that critically influence the behavior of cancer cells. It is established that abnormal synthesis and processing of HS play a prominent role in tumorigenesis, albeit mechanisms remain mostly obscure. HS function is mainly controlled by sulfotransferases, and(More)