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Routine determination of dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) is performed in numerous laboratories around the world using one of three families of methods: UV oxidation (UV), persulfate oxidation (PO), or high temperature combustion (HTC). Essentially all routine methods measure total dissolved nitrogen (TDN) and calculate DON by subtracting the dissolved(More)
An adaptation of the Comet-assay was developed which enables the discrimination of viable, apoptotic and necrotic single cells by use of the common Annexin-V staining and a dye exclusion test on the cells already embedded in agarose gel on glass slides. Membrane integrity (Ethidium-Homodimer exclusion), cellular esterase activity (Calcein blue-AM) as well(More)
BACKGROUND Antioxidant compounds in green tea may be able to protect against skin carcinogenesis and it is of interest to investigate the mechanisms involved. A study was therefore conducted to determine whether the isolated green tea polyphenol (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) could prevent ultraviolet radiation (UVR)-induced DNA damage in cultured(More)
INTRODUCTION The use of rituximab has led to significant improvements in the outcome of both aggressive and indolent Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). It is the first targeted therapy to be developed for the treatment of lymphoma which has been widely adopted. AREAS COVERED This paper discusses the use of rituximab in NHL, mainly concentrating on diffuse(More)
Studies were carried out to assess the effectiveness of clobetasone butyrate in treating eczema and psoriasis, and to determine if the compound had any effect on plasma cortisol levels. In the first trial, 71 children with bilateral symmetrical atopic eczema lesions were treated twice daily for 1 week, on one side with 0.05% clobetasone butyrate cream or(More)
Single-cell gel electrophoresis (the comet assay) was used to assess single-strand breaks (SSBs) produced in cultured lung human fibroblasts by xenon lamp irradiation alone, various concentrations of arsenate [As(V)], alone or various combinations of the two. It was found that significantly higher levels of SSBs were observed in the irradiated cells than(More)
BACKGROUND Experimentally, creatine phosphate (CP) improves postischemic recovery of function and reduces postischemic arrhythmias. METHODS We studied 50 patients undergoing valve replacement. They were randomized into either a control group, who received St. Thomas' Hospital cardioplegic solution No. 1, or a CP-treated group, receiving the same(More)
The thiol N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) is a source of cysteine for the synthesis of the endogenous antioxidant glutathione (GSH) which is depleted by ultraviolet radiation. It is also associated with the scavenging of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this study the effects of NAC were examined in cultured human fibroblasts during prolonged exposure to(More)
Comet assay data (tail DNA %) have been gathered for the concentration dependent role of three antioxidants (AOs); quercetin (Q), epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in reducing UV-induced damage to DNA in normal fetal lung fibroblasts (MRC5). All three compounds demonstrate a concentration dependent reduction maximum with a(More)
The stereochemical course of the hydrolysis of synthetic sn-glycerol-1-palmitate-2-oleate-3-linoleate, sn-glycerol-1,2-dipalmitate-3-oleate and their antipodes by pancreatic and milk lipoprotein lipase was investigated by thin layer and gas liquid chromatographies of the diacylglycerol intermediates. The enzymic hydrolyses were made with bile salts or(More)